pre-, prae-

(Latin: before [both in time and place])

The prefix prae- can actually be substituted for pre- because both of them are different spellings for the same prefix meaning "before".

prevarication (s) (noun), prevarications (pl)
1. The deliberate act of intentionally being vague or ambiguous: Jack was being very evasive when answering his father's question, and this prevarication was typical of him when he wanted to avoid being scolded.
2. A statement that someone makes which perverts or avoids the truth: Jimmy said he didn't break the neighbours window while playing ball, but it turned out that this was a prevarication, because he really did and lied to his parents about it!
3 Etymology: from about 1382, "divergence from a right course, transgression", from Old French prevaricacion, from Latin prævaricationem, "a stepping out of line (of duty or behavior)"; from prævaricatus, a form of prævaricari, "to make a sham accusation, to deviate"; literally, "to walk crookedly", from prae, "before" + varicare, "to straddle", from varicus "straddling", from varus, "bowlegged, knock-kneed".
prevaricator (s) (noun), prevaricators (pl)
1. Someone who repeatedly lies or refuses to be honest: There are some prevaricators who make a habit of always fibbing or trying to hoodwink people by exaggerating everything they say to other people.
2. Anyone who speaks so as to avoid the precise truth; a quibbler; an equivocator: A prevaricator originally meant a straddled or a bent-legged person with crooked legs or someone who, because of distorted legs, could not walk in a straight line; now, it is someone who purposely deviates or avoids speaking truthfully.
3. Etymology: from Latin praevaricator which came from prevaricatus; the past participle of the verb prevaricari, "to lie; literally, "to walk crookedly", as if "straddling something"; from prae, "before" + varicare, "to straddle, to walk crookedly".
Someone who does not tell the truth, a liar.
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prevenient (adjective), more prevenient, most prevenient
1. Referring to something which comes or occurs in advance of another thing: Prevenient preparations for the family's camping trip to Canada had to be made, and therefore Mr. Smart had to buy a tent and sleeping bags for the whole family!
2. Concerning something that produces a sense of anticipation; anticipatory: Prevenient excitement at the thought of the first day of vacation was certainly on Betty's mind when she was walking home from her last day of school.
prevent (verb), prevents; prevented; preventing
1. To stop or to avert something from happening: The town decided to improve the road conditions with an extra bicycle lane in order to prevent further accidents.
2, To keep a person or something from being active in a certain way: The extreme weather conditions with storms and heavy rain prevented the airplane to take off on time.

Tom prevented his sister entering the bedroom by standing in her way, so she had to push him away!

preventable, preventible (adjective), more preventable, most preventable
Concerning something that can be avoided or staved off: Many illnesses are preventable when people are vaccinated.

Many car accidents are preventable by not drinking before driving a vehicle.

preventative (adjective), more preventative, most preventative
Relating to something that hinders or stops that which is bad from happening: Although preventative often refers to medicine, it can also used to talk about other things that someone tries to keep from existing.

Preventative or precautionary measures should be taken in classrooms to keep the students safe during the Coronavirus pandemic.

prevention (s) (noun), preventions (pl)
An action taken to stop someone from doing something or to preclude something from taking place: Teaching children about health and nutrition is one way of obesity prevention.

Many people in Germany think that lowering speed limits on the freeways would be a precaution to forestall the number of tragic accidents that happen.

preview (s) (noun), previews (pl)
1. A screening of a film for an advance showing to a selected audience: Before the release of the presentation of the movie for everybody, a preview was shown in the town theater.
2. An advertisement consisting of short scenes from a motion picture before it appears in the near future, or to see parts of a play or exhibit before it is available to the general public: Mrs. Smart wanted to see the preview of the movie first before deciding if she really wanted to go.
3. An introductory or preliminary message, sample, or overview; a foretaste: In the newspaper there was a preview of the upcoming event of the famous author appearing at the local bookstore to present and sign his newest novel.
4. A piece printed in a paper or magazine or broadcast on radio or TV describing and commenting on something that is soon to be broadcast or presented to the public: The preview of the upcoming talk show to take place the next day was shown between the other commercials on Jane's television.
5. A sample or foretaste of something likely to occur in the future: The political polls could provide a preview of the actual election results.
preview (verb), previews; previewed; previewing
1. To see or to show something prior to its release to the public: The fashion collection was previewed by a selected audience in advance of the big show the following week.
2. To inspect something before it is implemented or available for public use: The teaching aids were previewed first by the teachers to make sure that they were applicable for specific purposes in the classroom.
previous (adjective); more previous, most previous
1. Regarding something that existed or happened before or in time: In comparison to the preceding or previous day, the weather was sunny and bright.
2. Concerning a person who is unduly rash in coming to a conclusion: Mr. Timmons though that his student was a bit previous in answering the question.
previously (adverb) (not comparable)
1. Regarding when something occurred at some time before another incident: Previously Mary had little time to play piano, but now she could practice about one hour every day.
2. Pertaining to how much earlier one event happened before another one: Jane said that she had bought the car one year previously.
previse (verb), previses; prevised; prevising
1. To foresee or to forecast; predict: Jim's professor at college was very intelligent and could previse a probable future.
2. To warn; to inform ahead of time: Dr. Smith prevised Jim of the dangers of drinking alcoholic beverages and smoking.
3. Etymology: from Latin praevisus, past participle of praevidere, "to foresee"; from pre-, "before" + videre, "to see".
prevue (verb), prevues; prevued; prevuing
To see or watch beforehand: A prevue, an alternative spelling of "preview", shows parts of a play or motion picture to be shown in the near future.
unprecedented (adjective) (not comparable)
1. A reference to a matter or circumstance that has no earlier parallel or equivalent: One terrible feature of the Holocaust was the unprecedented genocide of millions of people in the "death camps" of Germany.
2. Relating to something that has never been seen, done, or experienced before: The unprecedented decision that the Jackson family made was to go on vacation in the Alps, a place they had never visited previously.
3. Descriptive of the greatest in size, amount, degree, etc. that has ever been known: According to the news, the flood waters in some countries have risen to unprecedented levels.
4. Etymology: un-, "not" + precedent, "experienced" + -ed, "past tense".
Referring to something that is without previous happening.
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Relating to something was not experienced before.
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Referring to something that is unusual.
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Related before-word units: ante-; antero-; anti-; pro-.

Related "time" units: aevum, evum; archaeo-, archeo-; Calendars; chrono-; horo-; Quotes: Time; tempo-.