pre-, prae-

(Latin: before [both in time and place])

The prefix prae- can actually be substituted for pre- because both of them are different spellings for the same prefix meaning "before".

pretext (s) (noun), pretexts (pl)
1. A misleading or untrue explanation given for doing something in an attempt to conceal the real reason: Sabina went back to her boyfriend's apartment with the pretext that she had forgotten her purse.
2. An effort or strategy intended to conceal something: Frank had a pretext that the heavy traffic kept him from coming to work on time; however, it was really because he didn't get up in time.
3. Etymology: from Latin praetexere, "to disguise, to cover"; from prae-, "before" + texere, "to weave."
A fictitious purpose for an activity.
© ALL rights are reserved.

A supposedly pretended excuse.
© ALL rights are reserved.

A false reason for not doing something.
© ALL rights are reserved.

Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
so you can see more of Mickey Bach's cartoons.

pretone, pretonic
The syllable or vowel preceding the stressed or accented syllable; so pretonic, coming immediately before the stressed or tonic syllable.
prevail
1. To be greater in influence or strength; to triumph.
2. To be or become effecive; to win out.
3. To be in current force, to use, or to effect.
prevalence
prevalence, prevalent
Widely existing, accepted, or practiced.
prevalent
prevaricate (pri VAR i kayt") (verb), prevaricates; prevaricated; prevaricating
1. To be deliberately ambiguous or unclear in order to mislead or to withhold information: The local officials prevaricated about the real costs of the new city hall.
2. To avoid giving a direct and honest answer or opinion, or a clear and truthful account of a situation, especially by quibbling or being deliberately ambiguous or misleading: When anyone prevaricates, he or she is avoiding telling the truth or is not providing the real facts.
3. To stray from or to evade the truth; to equivocate: As a witness under oath, Bert didn't prevaricate but he answered all of the questions honestly.
4. Etymology: from Latin prevaricate, "to walk crookedly" from varus, "knock-kneed"; from this the verb varicare, "straddle" was combined with the prefix prae-, "before, beyond" which produced praevaricari, "to walk crookedly" or "to deviate from straightforward behavior" and "to turn away from the truth".
To stray or to deviate from the truth and so to lie.
© ALL rights are reserved.

Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
so you can see more of Mickey Bach's cartoons.

prevarication (s) (noun), prevarications (pl)
1. The deliberate act of intentionally being vague or ambiguous.
2. A statement that someone makes which perverts or avoids the truth.
3 Etymology: from about 1382, "divergence from a right course, transgression", from Old French prevaricacion, from Latin prævaricationem, "a stepping out of line (of duty or behavior)"; from prævaricatus, a form of prævaricari, "to make a sham accusation, to deviate"; literally, "to walk crookedly", from prae, "before" + varicare, "to straddle", from varicus "straddling", from varus, "bowlegged, knock-kneed".
prevaricator (s) (noun), prevaricators (pl)
1. Someone who repeatedly lies or refuses to be honest: There are some prevaricators who make a habit of always fibbing or trying to hoodwink people by exaggerating everything they say to other people.
2. Anyone who speaks so as to avoid the precise truth; a quibbler; an equivocator: A prevaricator originally meant a straddled or a bent-legged person with crooked legs or someone who, because of distorted legs, could not walk in a straight line; now, it is someone who purposely deviates or avoids speaking truthfully.
3. Etymology: from Latin praevaricator which came from prevaricatus; the past participle of the verb prevaricari, "to lie; literally, "to walk crookedly", as if "straddling something"; from prae, "before" + varicare, "to straddle, to walk crookedly".
Someone who does not tell the truth, a liar.
© ALL rights are reserved.

Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
so you can see more of Mickey Bach's cartoons.

prevenient
1. Coming or occurring in advance of another thing.
2. Producing a sense of anticipation.
prevent
preventable
preventative (adjective), more preventative, most preventative
Relating to something that hinders or stops that which is bad from happening: Although preventative often refers to medicine, it can also used to talk about other things that someone tries to keep from existing.
prevention
1. An action or actions taken to stop someone from doing something or to prevent something from taking place.
2. An action or measure that makes it impossible or very difficult for someone to do a certain thing, or for something to happen.
preview
1. A screening of a film for an advance showing to a selected audience before the public presentation of its release for the general public.
2. An advertisement consisting of short scenes from a motion picture that will appear in the near future or to watch (a movie, play, or exhibit) before it is released to the general public.
3. An introductory or preliminary message, sample, or overview; a foretaste of some event.
4. A piece printed in a paper or magazine or broadcast on radio or TV describing and commenting on something that is soon to be broadcast or presented to the public.
5. A sample or foretaste of something likely to occur in the future: "The political polls could provide a preview of the actual election results."

Related before-word units: ante-; antero-; anti-; pro-.

Related "time" units: aevum, evum; archaeo-, archeo-; Calendars; chrono-; horo-; Quotes: Time; tempo-.