pre-, prae-

(Latin: before [both in time and place])

The prefix prae- can actually be substituted for pre- because both of them are different spellings for the same prefix meaning "before".

prescript (s) (noun), prescripts (pl)
1. A rule, or regulation, that has been laid down, usually in writing. The club made a prescript, or a set of codes, to direct its administrative action or procedures.
2. A specified guide for action or behavior: One important prescript for everyday life is etiquette, a set of rules for acceptable and preferred conduct in society.
prescription (s) (noun), prescriptions (pl)
1. A written order issued by a physician or other qualified practitioner that authorizes a pharmacist to supply a particular medication with instructions on its use for a certain patient: After her appointment at Dr. Smith's office, Josephine took her prescription to the local apothecary to get her antibiotics.
2. A written order from an optometrist or ophthalmologist for glasses of a particular type and strength to correct the eyesight of a specified individual: Lisa took her prescription for contact lenses to the optician's and received them after only one week!
3. A proven method for causing something else to happen: One of the best prescriptions for staying healthy is laughter and good sleep!
4. The practice of laying down laws, rules, and regulations: The hotel had specific prescriptions that the cleaning staff were never allowed to meddle or tamper with the clothes or objects of the guests.
prescriptive (adjective); more prescriptive, most prescriptive
1. Pertaining to something or someone that gives directives: The correct forms of grammar usage are set by prescriptive rules that children in school must learn!
2. Relating to a long-standing custom or usage: Some older teachers at school had the prescriptive advantage of having their own desks for working during their free periods.
3. Referring to the establishment of laws or rules: Many important prescriptive regulations have been made by the government during the Coronavirus pandemic in order to protect as many people as possible.
present (s) (noun), presents (pl)
1. A gift: Catherine made a nice apron for her father as a present for his birthday.
2. The time frame of what is occurring right now (used only in the singular): The newly wedded couple are certainly enjoying the present, being at peace and very happy.
present (verb), presents; presented; presenting
1. To give something to an individual either officially or formally: The chairman of the meeting presented Doug with a good medal for excellent work at the firm.
2. To introduce someone in a formal way: Mr. Jackson stepped up and presented his new wife to his boss when they met at an informal party.
3. To put a production or performance, as a play, on stage: The local high school is presenting the musical "My Fair Lady" the following week in the school's auditorium.
4. To pose a difficulty; to cause a challenge or opportunity to occur: The current Coronavirus pandemic presents many problems and hardships for small firms and companies.
5. To describe something or somebody in a certain way: The family likes to present themselves as being very rich because they have a swimming pool, two cars, and an airplane!
6. To give a person information in a formal way: The group of workers presented their options for better working conditions to the supervisors.
present (adjective); more present, most present
1. Pertaining to the current time: The present principal of the school has been there for many years.
2. Concerning the nearest locality or area: Many people were present when the accident happened.

Perhaps there is a doctor present who could look at Jack's wound.
3. Alert; focused; attentive: Sam was looking out the window during the math lesson and certainly wasn't present and concentrating on what the teacher was explaining.
4. In grammar, the verb tense that shows an activity or action occurring regularly, sometimes, usually: The present tense in the following example is "goes": James always goes to the fitness studio on Mondays and Thursdays.
5. Pertaining to something that exists within another thing: Milk contains vitamins, and a special kind of vitamin D is even present in breast milk!

presentation (s) (noun), presentations (pl)
1. The awarding or giving of something to a person, particularly during an official or formal event: At the graduation ceremony, all the graduating students were excited about the presentation of their certificates.
2. The way or style of something that is offered or displayed: For the culinary competition Nadine tried to perfect her presentation of the dishes of vegetables she had prepared so as to win the first prize!
3. A verbal discourse in which a brand-new idea, merchandise, or piece of work is not only shown, but explained to the listeners: The salesman did his best with his presentation, also by displaying his goods in order to sell as much as possible.
4. A formal acquaintance of an individual, notably in court: In the story she was reading, the queen requested a presentation of the girl whom her son thought he wanted to marry.
5. In medicine, the position of the baby in relationship to the neckline opening to the uterus at the time of giving birth: Just before delivery of her first child, Dr. Thompson checked and confirmed the correct fetal presentation and soon after Jane had a healthy child in her arms!
6. The initial or first examination and diagnosis of a patient: After reading through the presentation of Jane's check-up, Dr. Black decided to take another blood sample for testing.
preservation (s) (noun), preservations (pl)
1. The procedure or the measures taken to keep something of value intact, functioning and animate, and free from decay: The Lawson family always supported the preservation of the forests and state parks.
2. The activity of getting food ready for future use to avoid it spoiling: The preservation of food for the winter was important for Jane's family, so she made jams, canned peaches, and froze berries for enjoying later that year.
preserve (s) (noun), preserves (pl)
1. A confectionary preparation of fruit products cooked with sugar: There were many jars of preserves in the basement, but mainly more black current jelly than anything else!
2. A reservation, a natural protected area: The Rawsons loved to visit wildlife preserves or sanctuaries on their trips, especially those which protected many animals from hunters.
3. A domaine that is especially set aside for someone: Women have entered the preserve of medicine which was formally dominated by men.
preserve (s) (verb), preserves; preserved; preserving
1. To guard or shield from injury or harm: The forests certainly need to be preserved from destruction, like fire.
2. To save from decay or from perishing: The fruit needed to be preserved with sugar to make jam and to be stored in the basement.
3. To make something last; to maintain: The historical monuments in town should always be preserved and cared for for everyone to enjoy in the future.
4. To remain complete or in good condition for a long time: Virginia felt that it was important to preserve her grandfather's diaries because they certainly were one of a kind and very precious.
5. To keep a condition or general state of things safe from change: Peace is something that is so very important and essential to preserve.
preside (verb), presides; presided; presiding
1. To be officially in charge; to hold the position of authority; act as chairperson or president: Max was appointed to preside as the chairperson of the school board.
2. To have control; to be the most powerful person or the one everyone else obeys, usually in a specific place or situation: Tom is scheduled to preside over the business when the current chairman retires.
3. To perform as an instrumentalist: Mary was the featured musician at the musical performance where she presided at the organ.
4. Etymology: From Latin præsidere, "to stand guard, to superintend"; literally, "to sit in front of"; from præ-, "before" + sedere, "to sit".
presidency (s) (noun), presidencies (pl)
1. The job or function of the head of a republic: The presidency is an office or a position of considerable consequence and responsibility and of great magnitude.
2. The term or length of a chief executive's office: During his presidency, Donald Trump has greatly upset a great number of people living in the states.
president (s) (noun); presidents; presidentess (pl)
1. Someone who is appointed or elected to preside over an organized body of people, such as an assembly or meeting: An enormous number of presidents over the world have usually been men.
2. The chief executive of a republic: Countries that have no king or queen have a president as the head of that nation.
3. The chief executive of the United States, serving as both chief of state and chief political executive: President Donald Trump has been the administrative leader of the USA since 2016.
4. The chief officer of a branch of government, corporation, board of trustees, university, or similar organization: Mr. Smith has been the president or director of the company for many years and has been respected by all of the workers.
5. Etymology: from Latin præsidentum, præsidens, "president, governor, chosen leader of a body of people"; noun use of præsidere, "to act as head or chief"; literally, "to sit in front of"; from præ-, "before" + sedere, "to sit"
prestidigitate (verb), prestidigitates; prestidigitated; prestidigitating
To perform juggling tricks with the hands, or doing magic tricks with the hands: The clown on the corner of the street was prestidigitating by tossing many balls into the air one after another and catching them again in succession.
prestidigitation (s) (noun), prestidigitations (pl)
1. A presentation of skills when performing magic or producing magical tricks: Prestidigitations, or sleight of hands, are usually done to fool people.
2. Etymology: from Latin praesto-, "nimble" + digitus, "finger".
The performance of tricks with the hands.
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Related before-word units: ante-; antero-; anti-; pro-.

Related "time" units: aevum, evum; archaeo-, archeo-; Calendars; chrono-; horo-; Quotes: Time; tempo-.