-osis, -sis, -sia, -sy, -se
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; actor, process, condition, or state of; result of; expresses a state or abnormal condition or process of some disease)
The clinical features of aspergillosis can include invasive lung infection and disseminated disease, usually with fever, cough, spitting up blood, and chest pain. Aspergillosis may mimic asthma with cough and inspiratory stridor (noise on breathing in) or sinusitis with fever, and localized pain.
2. Loss of the ability to recognize the shapes of objects by handling them; tactile agnosia.
3. The inability to recognize familiar objects by touch that cannot be explained by a defect of elementary tactile sensation.
2. Etymology: from a-, "no, not" + stereo, a combining form borrowed from Greek, where it meant "solid" (used with reference to hardness, solidity) + -gnosis, "knowledge".
2. Either the condition of an inactive larva not yet metamorphosed to a pupa or autointoxication, particularly among insects.
2. Incomplete development which may refer to psychic infantilism or puerilism, and/or to physical dwarfism (microsomia): The unusual acting troupe consisted of people with atelioses; that is, they were dwarfish in stature but they were wonderful actors.
2. The accumulation of fatty material, cholesterol, and other substances on the interior walls of the arteries.
This build-up, known as plaque, reduces the elasticity of the vessel wall ("hardening of the arteries"), and impedes blood flow through the vessel.
Atherosclerosis can also trigger the formation of blood clots, which can detach and cause blockage in arteries of the heart, brain, or lungs, leading to heart attack or stroke. Similarly, plaque material can break off and travel through the blood system to obstruct a vessel elsewhere.
It is a progressive disease beginning in childhood, but symptoms, including angina and leg pain, do not begin usually until later in life. Risk factors include high levels of blood cholesterol (especially, low-density lipoproteins, or "bad" cholesterol), diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, and lack of exercise.3. A form of arteriosclerosis characterized by the deposition of atheromatous plaques containing cholesterol and lipids on the innermost layer of the walls of large and medium-sized arteries.
Atherosclerosis is responsible for much coronary artery disease (angina and heart attacks) and many strokes.
2. A derangement marked by ceaseless occurrence of slow, sinuous, writhing movements, especially severe in the hands and performed involuntarily, it may occur after hemiplegia and is then known as posthemiplegic chorea.
3. A condition, chiefly in children, of slow, involuntary, wormlike movements of the fingers, toes, hands, and feet, usually resulting from a brain lesion.
4. A constant succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of flexion, extension, pronation, and supination of fingers and hands, and sometimes of toes and feet.
Coined by the American nerve specialist William Alexander Hammond (1828-1900) in 1871 from Greek athetos, "not fixed" and suffix -osis, "a state of a disease".