-osis, -sis, -sia, -sy, -se

(Greek > Latin: a suffix; actor, process, condition, or state of; result of; expresses a state or abnormal condition or process of some disease)

abarognosis (s) (noun), abarognoses (pl)
A conscious loss of being able to appreciate the weight of objects held in the hand, or to differentiate objects of different weights: When Sarah went to the grocery store, she found that the abarognosis in her hands made it difficult for her to even estimate how heavy the pineapple she wanted to buy was.

Larry almost dropped the heavy vase that was in his hand because of his abarognosis.

The doctor was not able to determine the cause of Claude's abarognosis or why he couldn't feel the empty glass in his hand.

abdominal aponeurosis (s) (noun), abdominal aponeuroses (pl)
The conjoined sheet-like tendons of the oblique and transverse muscles of the abdomen: In Susan's class at college she learned about abdominal aponeurosis and why the fibrous membrane was necessary for the functions to the body.
acanthosis (s) (noun), acanthuses (pl)
A disease of the prickle cells in the skin: Acanthosis is abnormal, benign, and appears thickened with a gray, brown, or black pigmentation, as in eczema and psoriasis.
acarine dermatosis (s) (noun), acarine dermatoses (pl)
An eruption of the skin caused by mite parasites: When Jane saw the very serious rash on her arm, she went to her doctor who diagnosed it as being a case of acarine dermatosis and told her to make sure that her pet dog was treated for mites.
acarinosis (s) (noun), acarinoses (pl)
Any disease caused by mites: Scrabies is termed as a case of acarinosis and is caused by the presence of parasitic mites, which belong to the Acarida.
acariosis (s) (noun), acarioses (pl)
Infestation with ticks or mites: After the veterinarian examined Judy's dog, Dr. Simmons said that it had a case of acariosis and gave her medication to cure the state of it being overrun by parasites.
acidosis (s) (noun), acidoses (pl)
1. A condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal: Acidosis occurs when the amount of pH is low and means that a person's blood is more acidic. A higher pH level indicates that the blood of an individual is more basic.
2. An abnormal increase in the acidity of bodily fluids due to either acid accumulation or bicarbonate depletion.

Strictly speaking, the term "acidemia" would be more appropriate to describe the state of low blood pH, reserving acidosis to describe the processes leading to these states, however most physicians use the terms interchangeably.

Too much acid in the body is a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the accumulation of acid or from the depletion of alkaline reserves.

In acidosis, the pH of the blood is abnormally low and is associated with diabetic "ketoacidosis", lung disease, and severe kidney disease.

The opposite of acidosis is alkalosis in which the pH factor is too high due to an excess base or insufficient acid in the body.

acrodermatosis (s) (noun), acrodermatoses (pl)
Any disease involving the skin of the hands or feet.
acrodysostosis (adjective) (uncountable)
A disorder in which the hands and feet are short with stubby fingers and toes: "With acrodysostosis growth, retardation is progressive and mental retardation and marked nasal hypoplasia, or underdevelopment, is also present."

Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) of the hands and feet.
Overgrowth of the horny layer of the skin, usually nodular configurations, of the dorsum of the fingers and toes, and occasionally on the rim of the ear and tip of the nose.
A fungal infection of the limbs.
Any neuropathy of the extremities.
Pustular (small circumscribed elevation of the skin, containing purulent material) eruptions of the hands and feet, often a form of psoriasis.
1. An infectious disease of cattle, domestic animals, and occasionally humans, resembling actinomycosis and caused by the bacterium Actinobacillus lignieresii.
2. A disease characterized by suppurative (causing pus) and granulomatous (inflammatory) lesions (abnormality of the skin or organs) in the respiratory tract, upper alimentary tract, skin, kidneys, joints, and other tissues.

Actinobacillus lignieresii infects cattle and sheep while actinobacillosis Equuli infects horses and pigs.

Actinobacillosis affects the soft tissues, often the tongue and cervical lymph nodes, where granulomatous swellings form and eventually break down to form abscesses.