-ology, -logy, -ologist, -logist

(Greek: a suffix meaning: to talk, to speak; a branch of knowledge; any science or academic field that ends in -ology which is a variant of -logy; a person who speaks in a certain manner; someone who deals with certain topics or subjects)

The word -ology is a back-formation from the names of certain disciplines. The -logy element basically means "the study of ____". Such words are formed from Greek or Latin roots with the terminal -logy derived from the Greek suffix -λογια (-logia), speaking, from λεγειν (legein), "to speak".

The suffix -ology is considered to be misleading sometimes as when the "o" is actually part of the word stem that receives the -logy ending; such as, bio + logy.

Through the years -ology and -logy have come to mean, "study of" or "science of" and either of these suffixes often utilize the form of -ologist, "one who (whatever the preceding element refers to)".

The examples shown in this unit represent just a small fraction of the many words that exist in various dictionaries.

Sinology, some say: Chinology (s) (nouns)
The study of the Chinese civilization, language, literature, history, etc.: "Sinology is the study of Chinese culture, including their language, literature, etc."
sitology, sitiology
1. The science of diet and nutrition.
2. The branch of medicine dealing with nutrition and dietetics.
3. The branch of therapeutics concerned with the practical application of diet in relation to health and disease.
Another spelling for scatology.
skeletology (s) (noun), skeletologies (pl)
The anatomical study of the bones and cartilages which provides a frame for the bodies of animals.
A specialist in sociobiology or someone who studies the biological and genetic basis of social organization and social behavior and their evolution in animals.
The study of the biological and genetic basis of social organization and social behavior and their evolution in animals, a field of study that has caused controversy when applied to human social behavior and organization.
1. The study of the origins, developments, and structures of human societies and the behavior of individual people and groups in society.
2. The study of a particular social institution and the part it plays in society.
soil ecology
The study of the relationship between the activities of soil organisms and the overall soil environment.
soil microbiology
The branch of microbiology that deals with micro-organisms found in the soil, including their functions and their effects on the growth and maintenance of plant life.
A person who specializes in the study of organisms that live in caves.
1. The study of organisms whose natural habitat is wholly or partly subterranean.
2. The study of the fauna of caves.
3. The study of organisms that live in caves.
Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "talk, speak, speech; words, language; tongue, etc.": cit-; clam-; dic-; fa-; -farious; glosso-; glotto-; lalo-; linguo-; locu-; logo-; loqu-; mythico-; ora-; -phasia; -phemia; phon-; phras-; Quotes: Language,Part 1; Quotes: Language, Part 2; Quotes: Language, Part 3; serm-; tongue; voc-.