-ology, -logy, -ologist, -logist
(Greek: a suffix meaning: to talk, to speak; a branch of knowledge; any science or academic field that ends in -ology which is a variant of -logy; a person who speaks in a certain manner; someone who deals with certain topics or subjects)
The word -ology is a back-formation from the names of certain disciplines. The -logy element basically means "the study of ____". Such words are formed from Greek or Latin roots with the terminal -logy derived from the Greek suffix -λογια (-logia), speaking, from λεγειν (legein), "to speak".
The suffix -ology is considered to be misleading sometimes as when the "o" is actually part of the word stem that receives the -logy ending; such as, bio + logy.
Through the years -ology and -logy have come to mean, "study of" or "science of" and either of these suffixes often utilize the form of -ologist, "one who (whatever the preceding element refers to)".
The examples shown in this unit represent just a small fraction of the many words that exist in various dictionaries.
2. A treatise on sacred things; especially, the science that deals with the ancient writings and inscriptions of the Egyptians, or a treatise on that science.
3. Sacred literature or lore; the literature embodying the religious beliefs of a country or people; such as, of the Egyptians, Greeks, Jews, etc.
4. The history of religions as a branch of study.
2. A specialist in the study of cells and microscopic tissues.
2. An integral subspeciality of anatomy wherein the tissue and cells of an organism's structures are treated with special chemicals and studied with the light microscope.
2. The microscopic study of tissues in relation to their functions.
Broad cyclical patterns, which run through all historical geology, include a period of mountain and continent building followed by one of erosion and, and then by a new period of elevation.