-ology, -logy, -ologist, -logist

(Greek: a suffix meaning: to talk, to speak; a branch of knowledge; any science or academic field that ends in -ology which is a variant of -logy; a person who speaks in a certain manner; someone who deals with certain topics or subjects)

The word -ology is a back-formation from the names of certain disciplines. The -logy element basically means "the study of ____". Such words are formed from Greek or Latin roots with the terminal -logy derived from the Greek suffix -λογια (-logia), speaking, from λεγειν (legein), "to speak".

The suffix -ology is considered to be misleading sometimes as when the "o" is actually part of the word stem that receives the -logy ending; such as, bio + logy.

Through the years -ology and -logy have come to mean, "study of" or "science of" and either of these suffixes often utilize the form of -ologist, "one who (whatever the preceding element refers to)".

The examples shown in this unit represent just a small fraction of the many words that exist in various dictionaries.

forensic toxicology
The use of toxicology to aid a medicolegal investigation of death and poisoning.

Many toxic substances do not produce characteristic lesions, so if a toxic reaction is suspected, visual investigation may not provide an adequate deduction.

A forensic toxicologist must consider the context of an investigation, in particular any physical symptoms recorded, and any evidence collected at a crime scene that may narrow the search; such as, pill bottles, powders, trace residue, and any available chemicals.

Provided with this information and samples with which to work, the forensic toxicologist must determine which toxic substances are present, in what concentrations, and the probable effect of those chemicals on the human subject being investigated.

futurologist (s) (noun), futurologists (pl)
Someone whose occupation or specialty is the forecasting of events, conditions, or developments that will take place: Loren is a well-known futurologist who can provide explanations for the various changes in living conditions that people should expect as a result of the current economic conditions.
futurology (s) (noun), futurologies (pl)
The study and forecasting of what is anticipated in times yet to come, with predictions based on the likely outcomes of current trends: Futurology is a field of study that involves the trends or developments in science, technology, and political or social structures which are likely to come into existence later.
A misspelling of gelotologist.
A misspelling of gelotology.
gelato-ology, gelatoology
1. An Italian ice cream with almost no air and thereby denser than other ice creams.
2. The scientific study of the art, taste, and texture of gelato; in this case, an Italian ice cream or "ice".
gelotologist (s) (noun), gelotologists (pl) (gelatologist is incorrect)
1. A laughter researcher.
2. Someone who specializes in gelotology, the study of humor, laughter, and the exercising of the gelastic muscles, a deeply serious exploration of what happens to the physical systems; such as, respiration and circulation, when people are exposed to humor.

Gelotologists are serious people who study laughter, and they would be the first to tell you that the results of their research is very much a laughing matter.

gelotology (s) (noun)
1. A psychological and physiological study of laughter.
2. The study of humor and laughter, and its effects on the body.
The science dealing with natural and artificial gemstones.
In biology, the study of intraspecific variations and genetic compositions in relation to the environment.
Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "talk, speak, speech; words, language; tongue, etc.": cit-; clam-; dic-; fa-; -farious; glosso-; glotto-; lalo-; linguo-; locu-; logo-; loqu-; mythico-; ora-; -phasia; -phemia; phon-; phras-; Quotes: Language,Part 1; Quotes: Language, Part 2; Quotes: Language, Part 3; serm-; tongue; voc-.