-ology, -logy, -ologist, -logist
(Greek: a suffix meaning: to talk, to speak; a branch of knowledge; any science or academic field that ends in -ology which is a variant of -logy; a person who speaks in a certain manner; someone who deals with certain topics or subjects)
The word -ology is a back-formation from the names of certain disciplines. The -logy element basically means "the study of ____". Such words are formed from Greek or Latin roots with the terminal -logy derived from the Greek suffix -λογια (-logia), speaking, from λεγειν (legein), "to speak".
The suffix -ology is considered to be misleading sometimes as when the "o" is actually part of the word stem that receives the -logy ending; such as, bio + logy.
Through the years -ology and -logy have come to mean, "study of" or "science of" and either of these suffixes often utilize the form of -ologist, "one who (whatever the preceding element refers to)".
The examples shown in this unit represent just a small fraction of the many words that exist in various dictionaries.
2. The science concerned with interactions between organisms and the environment on spatial scales ranging from parts of individuals to the biosphere as a whole.
Literally, ecology means the "study of houses". The word was coined as ökologie by Ernst Haeckel, a German zoologist, in the 1870’s, based on the Greek word oikos. Although this means “house”, Haeckel was using it in the wider sense as “dwelling, habitat”. It was adopted into English soon after its coinage, originally as oecology which is similar to a Latin form.
- Physiological ecology, concerned with interactions between individual organisms and the environment.
- Population biology, the regulation of population growth and population size, and interactions among populations.
- Community ecology, characteristics of the collective properties of the organisms in an area.
- Ecosystem ecology, regulation of the flows of energy and material in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
2. The ecological relationship of soil with plants and land cultivation practices.
3. The study of soils.
2. The scientific study of electric phenomena present in the living body and in other organisms; either those produced by the organism itself or by outside sources.
The technologist may supervise electroencephalographic technicians, who are generally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the equipment.