nocti-, noct-, nox
2. An office of devotion, or an act of religious service, by night.
2. Descriptive of plants being active during the hours of darkness or lasting only during late evening as opposed to daytime: One beautiful nocturnal flower that only opens at night is the night-blooming cereus.
3. A reference to animals that are active when no light from the sun can be seen and most people go to bed to sleep: Owls are normally nocturnal creatures because they only hunt at night.
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It evolved during the early 19th century, and Chopin was the most famous composer of nocturnes.2. A painting of a night scene.
3. Etymology: a "composition of a dreamy character"; from French nocturne, literally, "composition appropriate to the night"; a noun use of Old French nocturne, "nocturnal"; from Latin nocturnus.
It is said to have been coined in about 1814 by John Field, who wrote many of them, in a style that Chopin mastered in his own works, which popularized the term.
2. A reference to night; used primarily in poetry.