morpho-, morph-, -morphous, -morphically, -morphia, -morphosis, -morphously, -morphy, -morphic, -morphism

(Greek: shape, form, figure, appearance)

Origins of morpho- words

The Roman god of sleep is Somnus; so, when we are sleepy, we are "somnolent". Sleep walking is "somnambulism" which in Latin means exactly the same thing; that is, "sleepwalking".

The son of Somnus is Morpheus, the god of dreams, indicating that sleep gives birth to dreams. Morpheus goes back through Latin to the Greek word for "form" or "shape" because dreams are forms and shapes developed in the mind while sleeping.

—Compiled from
Words from the Myths by Isaac Asimov;
Houghton Mifflin Company; Boston; 1961; pages 43-44.
morphine poisoning
An adverse effect of injection or ingestion of opioids, marked by symptoms of pinpoint pupils, drowsiness, and shallow respiration.

Emergency treatment includes gastric lavage, charcoal, and respiratory support.

1. A morbid condition caused by an excessive dose or habitual use of morphine.
2. A pathological state caused by morphine addiction.
In mathematics, a class of elements which together with objects form a category.

In most cases, morphisms are functions which preserve some structure on a set.

1. The use of comparative measurements of form in the classification or analysis of relationships among organisms.
2. The statistics of the shape, size, and structure of living things or parts of them.
A branch of biology dealing with the study of the shapes or the forms of cells; especially, their structures and functions.
A gene that directly or indirectly controls the development of the form and structure of an organism; such as, a gene coding for the production of a polypeptide hormone.
morphogenesis, morphogeny; topogenesis
1. The development and differentiation of the structures and forms of an organism; specifically, the changes that occur in the cells and tissue during embryonic development.
2. The morphological transformations including growth, alterations of germinal layers, and differentiation of cells and tissues during development.
3. The set of procedures by which individual cells or cell populations undergo changes in shape or position incident to organismic development.
4. The emergence of shape in cells, tissues, or the entire embryo.
morphogenetic movements
The movement by cells during animal or plant development; such as, the invagination (process of folding a portion of a cell structure inward) of cells during embryonic gastrulation or the process of cell movements by which a developing embryo forms distinct layers that later grow into different organs.
morphogenetic region
In geology, a region in which he climatic conditions influence predominant geomorphic processes, imparting to the landscape distinctive regional characteristics that contrast with those of regions influenced by different climatic conditions.
morphogenetic, morphogenic
A reference to a substance or hormone that acts as an evocator in differentiation, or a factor in the control of morphogenesis in the early embryo.
A reference to the scientific description of forms or shapes.
morphographic map, physiographic diagram, landform map
A small-scale map showing landforms by the systematic application of a standardized set of simplified pictorial symbols that represent the appearance such forms would have if viewed obliquely from the air at an angle of about 45°.
1. The description of forms, shapes, and structures of animals and plants.
2. Artistic, or descriptive, presentations of forms.
3. The classification of organisms by form and structure.
A colorless liquid with a smell resembling ammonia.

It is used as a solvent, a rubber accelerator, for the manufacture of emulsifying agents, and for the prevention of corrosion.

morphological analysis
In natural language processing, the process of removing affixes and reducing words to root words and affixes; for example, running becomes run + ing.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units dealing with "form, shape, appearance": eido-; figur-; form-; icono-; ideo-; imag-; -oid; typo-.