morpho-, morph-, -morphous, -morphically, -morphia, -morphosis, -morphously, -morphy, -morphic, -morphism
(Greek: shape, form, figure, appearance)
Origins of morpho- words
The Roman god of sleep is Somnus; so, when we are sleepy, we are "somnolent". Sleep walking is "somnambulism" which in Latin means exactly the same thing; that is, "sleepwalking".
The son of Somnus is Morpheus, the god of dreams, indicating that sleep gives birth to dreams. Morpheus goes back through Latin to the Greek word for "form" or "shape" because dreams are forms and shapes developed in the mind while sleeping.
2. In chemistry, pertaining to or existing in an intermediate state, as a liquid crystal in the nematic or smectic state.
2. Pertaining to rocks that are altered considerably from their original structure and mineralogy by means of pressure and heat.
2. A process of change in the physical structure, texture, or composition of rocks caused by agents of heat, deforming pressure, shearing stress, hot, chemically active fluids, or a combination of these, acting while the rock that is being changed remains essentially in the solid state.
Theoretically, rocks are formed when their constituents are in equilibrium with ambient physical conditions. If the conditions are changed by movements in the earth's crust or by igneous activity, metamorphism occurs to re-establish equilibrium and it changes the physical character of the rock mass.
2. A transformation caused by some supposed supernatural powers: In the story Jane was reading, the prince was changed into a frog by metamorphosis caused by the bad witch!
3. In zoology, a complete or marked change in the form of an animal as it develops into an adult: Examples of two metamorphoses involve the change from a tadpole to a frog or from a caterpillar to a butterfly.
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2. Having only one form; that is, unchangeable in form throughout development.
2. Transformation of one part into another in the regeneration of parts.
3. A gradual growth or development into a particular form.
2. The smallest units of speech that convey meaning.
3. The smallest lexical unit of a language; such as, a word, root, affix, or inflectional ending.
Examples of morphemes include: man, run, pro-, -ess, -ing, etc.; and there are many Latin and Greek morphemes which are being used in English.
A word can contain more than one morpheme; for example,"myalgia" can be divided into two morphemes, the prefix my, "muscle" and algia, "pain"; however, the word morose cannot be divided into anything smaller.
In spoken language, morphemes are composed of phonemes (the smallest linguistically distinctive units of sound); and in written language, morphemes are composed of graphemes (the smallest units of written language).
Morpheus was the son of Hypnos from whence comes hypnosis. To be in the arms of Morpheus is to be asleep.
The drug morphine is named after Morpheus.
The Roman poet Ovid (43 B.C.-17 A.D.) in his Metamorphoses, coined the name of Morpheus from the Greek morphe, "form" + the Latin -eus, because Morpheus was responsible for shaping dreams, and giving shape to the beings who inhabit dreams.
Morphine is a naturally occurring member of a large chemical class of compounds called alkaloids and it is dangerously addicting.
Morphine is highly effective in relieving pain and it also inhibits the cough reflex; however, it also decreases the desire to eat and causes constipation.
Side effects include detriment to mental performance, euphoria, depression, drowsiness, lethargy, and blurred vision.
The term, which is derived from Morpheus, the mythological son of sleep and god of dreams, was coined in 1805 by German apothecary Adolf Serturner (1783-1841) to designate the main alkaloid in opium that comes from the poppy plant.