morpho-, morph-, -morphous, -morphically, -morphia, -morphosis, -morphously, -morphy, -morphic, -morphism

(Greek: shape, form, figure, appearance)

Origins of morpho- words

The Roman god of sleep is Somnus; so, when we are sleepy, we are "somnolent". Sleep walking is "somnambulism" which in Latin means exactly the same thing; that is, "sleepwalking".

The son of Somnus is Morpheus, the god of dreams, indicating that sleep gives birth to dreams. Morpheus goes back through Latin to the Greek word for "form" or "shape" because dreams are forms and shapes developed in the mind while sleeping.

—Compiled from
Words from the Myths by Isaac Asimov;
Houghton Mifflin Company; Boston; 1961; pages 43-44.
1. In chemistry, a close similarity in the crystal forms of unlike compounds.
2. In mathematics, a continuous bijection between two figures whose inverse is also continuous.
homeomorphous, homoeomorphous (British)
Like or similar in form and structure.
A near similarity of crystalline forms between unlike chemical compounds.
homolomorphism (hoh" muh MOR fizuhm, hom" uh MOR fiz uhm), homomorphic, homomorphous
1. In biology, similarity of external form or appearance but not of structure or origin.
2. In zoology, a resemblance in form between the immature and adult stages of an animal.
homomorphic, homomorphous
1. A reference to a plant with a dimorphous life cycle in which two different types of individuals in the life cycle are morphologically similar; isomorphic.
2. The regeneration of an organ or part similar to the one lost.
1. In biology, similarity of external form or appearance but not of structure or origin.
2. In zoology, a resemblance in form between the immature and adult stages of an animal.
3. Of, relating to, or characterized by a similarity of form but different structure.
4. Relating to two or more structures of similar size and form, usually of synaptic chromosomes.
5. In mathematics, a transformation of one set into another that preserves in the second set the operations between the members of the first set.
1. Similarity of form with different fundamental structure; specifically, superficial resemblance between organisms of different groups due to evolutionary convergence.
2. Resemblance in external characteristics, while widely different in fundamental structure.
homomorphy (HOH muh mor' fee, HOM uh mor" fee)
In biology, imitative resemblance between unrelated organisms; adaptive mimicry without structural similarity.
1. Alteration of rock by material that is added, removed, or exchanged by water solutions, without the influence of high temperature and pressure.
2. The alteration of rock caused by the infiltration of water and the subsequent addition, removal, or exchange of materials in the absence of high temperature or pressure.
hydromorph, hydromorphous
1. Shaped or formed by water.
2. A plant that has the form and structure of a hydrophyte (an aquatic plant living on or in the water).
1. Relating to or typical of a soil that has built up in the presence of excess water.
2. Referring to an intrazonal soil with characteristics that were developed in the presence of excess water all or part of the time.
3. Structually adapted to an aquatic environment, as organs of water plants.
1. The belief that all material objects are made up of matter, which is only potential, and form, which makes the object an actuality.
2. The theory that every physical object is composed of two principles, an unchanging prime matter and a form deprived of actuality with every substantial change of the object.
3. A metaphysical view according to which every natural body consists of two intrinsic principles, one potential (namely, primary matter) and one actual (namely, substantial form); the permanent principle is matter, the actual principle is form.
1. A kind of metamorphosis, in certain insects, in which the larva itself undergoes remarkable changes of form and structure during its growth.
2. A major change in form between successive stages of larval development; especially, of insects, for example, when an active mobile larva turns into a legless inactive grub.
3. In medicine, an excessive attentiveness and reaction to visual stimuli.
1. A person whose standing height is short in proportion to the sitting height, owing to shortness of limb.
2. A mutant gene that shows only a partial reduction in the activity it influences.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units dealing with "form, shape, appearance": eido-; figur-; form-; icono-; ideo-; imag-; -oid; typo-.