-ment

(Latin: a suffix; result of, means of, act of; place of action)

The suffix -meant is a final word element derived through Middle English and French from the Latin suffix -ment(um), originally used to form agent and action nouns from verbs, now used to form nouns and denominative verbs in several related senses:

  1. "An action, process, or skill" denoted by the combining root: rearmament, tournament, management.
  2. "A result, object, or agent of an action" named by the joining root: entombment, enthrallment, agreement.
  3. "The means or instrument of an action": implement, medicament, reinforcement.
  4. "The place of an action" named by the first root: battlement, ambushment, settlement.
  5. "A state or condition" specified by the first root: bewilderment, predicament, bereavement.

The verb combinations show no change in basic form: cement, compliment, lament.

Principal parts: -menting, -mented, -mented.

Related forms: -mentum (singular); -menta, -menti, -ments (plurals).

readjustment
1. A rearrangement in the financial structure of a corporation; usually, less drastic than a reorganization.
2. A second, or subsequent adjustment; that is, a small change, a minor correction, or a modification.
regiment (s), regiments (pl) (noun forms)
1. Subject to rigid discipline, order, and systematization.
2. A military unit usually consisting of two or three battalions of ground troops divided into smaller companies or troops under the command of a colonel.
3. At one time it meant, governmental rule or administration.
4. Etymology: "government, rule, control"; from Old French regiment, "government, rule", from Late Latin regimentum, "rule, direction"; from Latin regimen, "rule, guidance, government"; all of which came from regere, "to rule".
reinstatement
relinquishment
1. The act of giving up and abandoning a struggle or s task, etc.
2. A verbal act of renouncing a claim, or a right, or a position, etc.
3. To retire from; to give up or to abandon.
4. To put aside or desist from (something practiced, professed, or intended).
5. To let go; to surrender.
6. To cease holding physically; to release: "He finally had to relinquish his grip."
renouncement (s) (noun), renouncements (pl)
An action that results in someone refusing to do something of importance: Edward's renouncement of his appointment to the Board of Directors was upsetting his father.
repayment (s) (noun), repayments (pl)
1. Payment of a debt or obligation.
2. The act of returning money received previously.
replenishment
requirement (s) (noun), requirements (pl)
1. Something that is needed for a particular purpose: The passport application had a requirement that a current photograph be provided.
2. Anything that is obligatory or demanded: Basic language skills were requirements for the new job in the translation services.
revealment
sediment (s) (noun), sediments (pl)
1. Matter or insoluble material that settles to the bottom of a liquid; dregs.
2. Solid fragments of inorganic or organic material that come from the weathering of rock and are carried and deposited by wind, water, or ice to other locations.
segment
sentiment (s) (noun), sentiments (pl)
1. An idea, opinion, or attitude based on feelings or emotions more than with reason: A good politician should understand public sentiment which involves the opinions that are held by most people.
2. Feelings of sympathy, kindness, love, etc.: Bridget looks forward to seeing movies that have warmth and sentiment in them and avoids the violent and cruel ones.
statement
supplement
temperament (s) (noun), temperaments (pl)
1. The manner of thinking, behaving, or reacting which is characteristic of a specific person; such as, a nervous disposition: Janet had a very optimistic temperament, or mood, and sang while she was in the shower after she had slept well and it was the weekend!
2. Excessive irritability or sensitiveness: Henry was an actor with excessive irritability or temperament because he resented any suggestions from the director.
3. According to medieval physiology, the physical and mental mannerisms or personalities of a person are caused by one of the four humors: In her history class concerning the Middle Ages, Sharon learned about the temperament of people’s behavior being dominated by or issuing from their normal bodily functions in relationship to blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
4. Etymology: existing since about 1412, "proportioned mixture of elements", from Latin temperamentum, "proper mixture"; from temperare, "to mix".

In medieval theory, it meant a combination of qualities (hot, cold, moist, dry) that determined the nature of an organism; this was extended to a combination of the four humors (sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic, and melancholic) that made up a person's characteristic disposition.

The general sense of "habit of mind, natural disposition" is from 1821; then temperamental, "of or pertaining to temperament" appeared in about 1646; and in the sense of "moody" it is recorded from about 1907.

What people are trying to get at when they use the word temperament is something along the lines of instinct; how someone approaches a situation and particularly how someone approaches a crisis.

—Beverly Gage, Yale University; as seen in
"What Kind of Temperament is Best?" by Nancy Gibbs; TIME;
October 27, 2008; page 40.