litho-, lith-, -lith, -lithic, -lite, -liths, -lites

(Greek: stone, rock; hard consolidated mineral matter; hard matter formed from mineral and earth material; hard substance that is solid)

The branch of science which deals with fossil footprints.
Describing ancient industries with many blades and blade tools, especially end scrapers, burins, and backed blades, typical of the Upper Palaeolithic.

The term leptolithic; literally, "of small stones", has sometimes been used specifically to refer to this type of stone technology, without any dating connotation or evolutionary position.

Having the power to expel calculi (“stones”) from the kidneys or bladder.
The removal of a calculus from the bladder through the dilated urethra.
1. An incision into a duct or bodily organ to remove stones.
2. The surgical removal of a calculus.
An excess of lithic or uric acid in the blood because of imperfect metabolism of the nitrogenous substances.
1. Relating to or containing lithium.
2. A reference to or consisting of stone.
3. Referring to clastic rocks, either sedimentary or volcanic, containing a large proportion of debris from previously formed rocks.
4. In medicine, stony concretions, or calculi, formed within the body; especially, in the bladder.
In the most general sense, any tools made of stone.

Although stone-tool-dependent cultures exist even today, most stone tools are associated with prehistoric societies that no longer exist.

lithification, lithifaction
1. The process by which unconsolidated sediments become sedimentary rock or are converted into coherent, solid rock.

Sediments typically are derived from preexisting rocks by weathering, transported and redeposited, and then buried and compacted by overlying sediments.

Cementation causes the sediments to harden, or lithify, into rock.

2. The physiochemical process that produces rock from sedimentary deposits.
3. A gradual process in which coal changes into bituminous shale or other rock.
To change from loose sediments into solid rock.
Information is located at Chemical Element: lithium.
1. A very soft, silvery metalic element having the symbol Li, the atomic number 3, an atomic weight of 6.941, a melting point of 179 degrees Celsius, and a boiling point of 1317 degrees Celsius.

It is an alkali metal and the lightest of all solid elements and is highly reactive.

It is used in pharmacology as any of various preparations of lithium salts; such as, lithium carbonate, used in treating certain psychological conditions.

Lithium is also used to make alloys, batteries, glass for large telescopes, and ceramics.

2. Etymology: a silver-white metallic element, from 1818, coined in Modern Latin by Swedish chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius (1779-1848) from Greek lithos, "stone"; from its mineral origin and to distinguish it from two previously known alkalis of vegetable origin.
lithium-ion battery
A battery that uses lithium metallic oxide in its positive electrode and a carbon material in its negative electrode; the lithium ions inside the battery transfer between the positive and the negative electrodes during charge or discharge.

It has greater capacity and efficiency than the earlier nickel cadmium version and is now widely used for applications; such as, laptop computers, cell phones, video cameras, and other mobile communication devices.

lithium-ion-polymer battery
A modification of the lithium-polymer battery that employs hybrid cells containing some gelled electrolyte, to compensate for the relatively low conductivity of a completely dry lithium polymer electrolyte.

Related "stone, rock" word families: lapid-; petro-; saxi-; stele-.