litho-, lith-, -lith, -lithic, -lite, -liths, -lites

(Greek: stone, rock; hard consolidated mineral matter; hard matter formed from mineral and earth material; hard substance that is solid)

In hydrology, the study of the nature, structure, and development of underground ice, especially in permafrost regions.
Removal of a calculus from the cystic duct (an abnormal closed cavity in the body).
The crushing of a calculus within the cystic duct.
The removal of a calculus from the urinary bladder.

This term has also been used erroneously for the excision of a gallstone from the gallbladder.

Incision of the bladder for the removal of a calculus or stone.
cystolithotomy (s) (noun), cystolithotomies (pl)
The surgical removal of a urinary stone from the bladder through an incision (cut) in its wall.
1. A concretion in the lacrimal sac or duct; also, lacrimal calculus.
2. A calcific deposit within the lacrimal drainage system, usually a consequence of fungus infection.
1. A condition characterized by the presence of calculi within the lacrimal drainage system.
2. The formation and presence of dacryoliths.
dactylithic, dactylitic
1. A reference to a rock texture produced by the intergrowth of two different minerals whereby fingerlike projections of one mineral penetrate the other mineral.
2. Relating to a rock texture, characterized by finger-like projections of a mineral that penetrate another mineral.
3. Relating to, or designating, a finger-like growth of crystals upon other crystals.
electrohydraulic lithotrite
1. A lithotrite in which the the kidney stones are broken up into small pieces in which such action is powered by an electrical pulse generator.
2. An instrument for crushing calculi (lithoclast or lithotripsy) used to treat renal calculi (kidney stones) in which powerful ultrasonic shock waves are focused on the stones, thereby breaking them into small fragments which can be excreted and so avoid the need for surgery.
1. Disintegration of a vesical calculus (urinary calculus or stones formed or retained in the bladder) with electricity
2. The disintegration of vesical or urinary bladder calculi (stones) by an application of an electric current.
electron-beam lithography, electron beam lithography, e-beam lithography
1. Lithography in which radiation-sensitive film is exposed to an electron beam.
2. The practice of scanning a beam of electrons in a patterned fashion across a surface covered with a film called the resist, exposing the resist, and of selectively removing either exposed or non-exposed regions of the resist called, "developing".
3. Lithography in which the radiation-sensitive film or resist is placed in the vacuum chamber of a scanning-beam electron microscope and exposed by an electron beam under digital computer control.

After exposure, the film is removed from the vacuum chamber for conventional development and other production processes.

A calcified body found in the pulp chamber of a tooth; which may be composed of irregular dentin (true denticle, toothlike projecting point) or due to ectopic calcification of pulp tissue or structure which is positioned abnormally (false denticle).

Related "stone, rock" word families: lapid-; petro-; saxi-; stele-.