litho-, lith-, -lith, -lithic, -lite, -liths, -lites

(Greek: stone, rock; hard consolidated mineral matter; hard matter formed from mineral and earth material; hard substance that is solid)

chemolithoautotroph (s) (noun), chemolithoautotrophs (pl)
Bacteria that utilize the oxidation of inorganic compounds; such as, hydrogen sulfide or ferrous iron as an energy source.
chemolithotrophic (adjective)
A reference to organisms that obtain energy from oxidation/reduction reactions and use inorganic electron donors.
cholecystolithiasis
Presence of one or more gallstones in the gallbladder.
cholecystolithotripsy
Crushing or fragmentation of a gallstone by manipulation of the unopened gallbladder.
choledocholith
A calculus, or stone, in the common bile duct.
choledocholithiasis
The presence of a gallstone in the common bile duct.
choledocholithotomy
1. The surgical cutting into the common bile duct for the extraction of a gall stone.
2. A surgical procedure in which the common bile duct is examined and gall stones are removed.
choledocholithotripsy, choledocholithotrity
1. Crushing or fragmentation of a gallstone in the common bile duct by manipulation without opening of the duct.
2. The fragmentation of a gallstone in the common bile duct either with a transcutaneous (through the skin) sonic energy or an endoscopically directed laser.
cholelithiasis
Presence of concretions in the gallbladder or bile ducts. Synonym: chololithiasis.
cholithic
chromolithograph
1. A colored picture produced by making and superimposing multiple lithographs, each of which adds a different color.
2. A picture printed in colors from stone.
chromolithography
The art or process of printing color pictures from a series of stone or zinc plates by lithography.
chrysolite (s) (noun), chrysolites (pl)
A mineral silicate of iron and magnesium, principally found in igneous (a molten state from heat) and metamorphic (altered in composition by extreme heat, pressure, and chemical substances) rocks and used as a structural material in refractories, or the inside walls of a furnace, and in cements.
coprolite
Fossilized excrement or dung.

Coprolites are known to be the fossilized excreta of a variety of organisms that differ greatly in size and habitat and include microscopic aquatic animals, fish, turtles, mammals, and reptiles.

They have been found in many parts of the world in beds of marine and fresh-water shale and limestone, in volcanic ash, and in cave deposits.

Coprolites consist principally of tricalcium phosphate and some contain extraordinarily well-preserved remnants of partially digested foods; such as, muscle fibers and the tissues and seeds of identifiable plants.

—Compiled from excerpts found in
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 6;
William Benton, Publisher; Chicago; 1968; page 477.
coprolith
A ball of fossilized hardened feces.

Related "stone, rock" word families: lapid-; petro-; saxi-; stele-.