-ism, -ismus

(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)

Protestantism (s) (noun), Protestantisms (pl)
1. A Christian religious movement originating in the 16th century from Martin Luther's attack on the Roman Catholic doctrine.

It grew to encompass many churches and denominations denying papal authority and believing in justification and salvation by faith.

2. The Protestant churches considered as a whole and who are adherents to Protestant beliefs.
The primary, ancestral tendency of the death instinct to lead all human beings into annihilation or to drive them into nothingness.

The term is used to describe "a pleasure of destruction directed against the ego, a kind of sadism which has chosen the ego for its victim."

1. A moral principle based on precautionary principles in order to avoid a particular negative effect.
2. Having discretionary or advisory authority, as in business matters.
The application of sand baths in the treatment of physical ailments.
Stammering or a speech disorder involving three factors: (1) dysfluency with repetition of words and parts of words, prolongations of sounds, interjections of sounds or words, and long pauses; (2) listener reaction, considering the dysfluency to be abnormal or unacceptable; and (3) the speaker's reaction to the dysfluency and to the listener's reaction, with a self-conception as a stutterer.
Defective pronunciation, stuttering, or stammering.
psellismus mercurialis
1. A speech disorder resulting rarely from chronic intoxication with inorganic mercury compounds.

Speech is affected with tremor of the tongue and lips and varies in severity from slurred or hesitant speech to unintelligibility.

2. Jerking, hurried, unintelligible speech present as part of the tremor that accompanies mercury poisoning.
A decree enacted by a vote of a public assembly, especially of the Athenians.
pseudochronism (s) (noun), pseudochronisms (pl)
A false dating, an error in date: Jane was told by her teacher that the essay she wrote in history contained too many pseudochronisms by misplacing the dates of historical events and that she had to correct everything for the following day.
A condition in which the testes descend to the scrotum but continue to move up and down, rising high in the inguinal canal at one time and descending to the scrotum at another.
pseudohermaphroditism (s) (noun) (no plural form)
A condition in which an individual has the internal reproductive organs of one gender but the external genitalia of the other: Female pseudohermaphroditism is a form in which the affected individual is a genetic and gonadal female with partial masculinization.

Male pseudohermaphroditism is a type in which the person concerned is a genetic and gonadal male; however, with incomplete masculinization.

1. An irregular or unclassifiable form.
Accumulation and drooling of saliva due to dysphagia.