-ism, -ismus

(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)

An orientation response towards sunlight.
An orientation response towards light.
The erect position of the torso (body) when standing.
1. An upward, or downward, vertical growth response or tropism of organs to a given stimulus.
2. A tendency to grow upward, or downward, in a vertical direction, in response to an orienting stimulus; such as, sunlight or gravity.
The ability to perceive odors.
An orientation response to an osmotic stimulus.
The process whereby eggs are produced that stay inside the maternal body for incubation and development and hatch just before, or following, extrusion. This is common among many reptiles.
Oxalate poisoning: poisoning of humans or other animals by oxalic acid or oxalates, usually by ingesting large quantities of oxalate-containing plants. Characteristics include gastroenteritis, hypotension, hypocalcemia, muscle weakness and twitching, nephrosis, and hyperoxaluria (excessive amount of oxalates in the urine).
oxytropism (s) (noun) (no pl)
An orientational response to an oxygen gradient stimulus: By using containers with good soil for growing plants, oxytropsm enables roots to avoid soil that is devoid of oxygen.
pacifism (s) (noun)
1. The belief that violence, war, and the taking of lives are unacceptable ways of resolving disputes.
2. The refusal to take up arms or participate in war because of moral or religious beliefs.
3. The belief that international conflicts should be settled by negotiation rather than war.
4. Opposition to war or violence as a means of resolving disputes.
paganism (s) (noun), paganisms (pl)
1. A spirit or attitude about religious or moral questions: One element of paganism is the worship of idols or false gods.
2. Etymology: from Late Latin paganisnus, "heathenism"; from paganus "villager, civilian"; from pagus, "rural district, village" or "country area" because ancient idol worship continued in rural areas after Christianity had been generally accepted in the towns and cities of the Roman Empire as the true religion.

When new customs and manners reach the big cities, the rural areas are usually behind the times and remain old-fashioned as they tend to keep the "old-time religion" or paganism.

Worship of many gods.
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