-ism, -ismus

(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)

fundamentalism
1. A religious or political movement based on a literal interpretation of and strict adherence to doctrine; especially, as a return to former principles.
2. The belief that religious or political doctrine should be implemented literally, not interpreted or adapted.
3. The interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth.

A movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in matters of faith and morals but also as a literal historical record, holding as essential to Christian faith belief in such doctrines as the creation of the world, the virgin birth, physical resurrection, atonement by the sacrificial death of Christ, and His Second Coming.

futurism (s) (noun), futurisms (pl)
1. A belief that the meaning of life and a person's personal fulfillments will exist in a time that has not arrived: People's futurisms are believed to be times that depend on the past and so are closely related to optimism that personal and social fulfillments will come later.
3. A style of art, literature, music, etc., and a theory of art and life in which violence, power, speed, mechanization or machines, and dislike of the past or to traditional forms of expression were advocated or portrayed: The expressions of futurism indicated that energy and values would be changed by the machine age.
galvanism
1. Current electricity.
2. That branch of physics that deals with electric currents.
3. Treatment of disease by electricity.
gammacism
A defect of speech, occurring mostly in younger children, in which the sounds represented by g and k are not articulated, being replaced by other sounds; usually, those which are represented by d.

It results in the "baby talk" of young children.

gamomorphism
That stage of growth or development in an organism, in which the reproductive elements are generated and matured in preparation for propagating the species.
gastriloquism
Appearing to speak from the stomach; ventriloquism.
geocentrism
1. The belief that the earth is the center of the universe.
2. The belief that the sun revolves around the earth. This was all the rage in Galileo's day.
3. Within the environmental movement, a concern over the state and future of the earth.
geodiatropism
1. A response of a plant to gravity in which a part of the plant adopts a horizontal position.
2. Orientation at right angles to gravity.
geomagnetism
1. The various magnetic things that happen when they are generated by the earth and its atmosphere; and by extension, the magnetic phenomena in interplanetary space.
2. A branch of geology concerned with the magnetic properties of the earth.
geonyctitropism (s) (noun), geonyctitropisms (pl)
Orientation movements in plants during darkness as they respond to gravity.
geoparallotropism
An orientation movement of an organ or structure to bring it parallel to the soil surface.
geophagism
The eating of soil or clay.
geoplagiotropism
Orientation at an oblique angle to the soil surface.
geoseism
Another term for an earth quake.
geotropism (s) (noun), geotropisms (pl)
1. The response of a plant to gravity, as evidenced by growing patterns; such as, downward root growth and growth curvature.
2. Plant growth or movement in response to gravity: "Primary roots (tap roots) grow vertically towards gravity (positive geotropism) whereas primary shoots grow vertically away from gravity (negative geotropism), though the direction of shoot growth may also be modified by light."