(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)
A submissive attitude to events, resulting from such a a belief.2. A philosophical doctrine holding that all events are predetermined in advance for all time and human beings are powerless to change them.
3. An attitude of resignation and passivity that results from the belief that people are powerless against fate.
2. A feminine or woman's word or expression.
2. In pathology, the development of female secondary sexual characteristics in a male.
3. Advocacy of the rights of women (based on the theory of equality of the sexes).
2. The property of certain metals and alloys; especially, those of the iron group, rare-earth, and acitinide series, that are capable of spontaneous magnetic polarization, resulting in drastic magnetic effects.
These materials are strongly attracted to magnets and are used in permanent magnets and various ceramic compounds.
2. An idiom, phrase, custom, mannerism, or term imported from overseas: After returning from their trip to England, Jane adopted the foreignism of having tea with crumpets in the afternoon.
2. Any philosophy or system that gives practical and utilitarian concerns priority over aesthetic concerns.
3. Any doctrine that stresses utility or purpose.
4. The analysis and explanation of social institutions according to the function they perform in society; for example, the family is seen as an institution for social stability and cohesion.
Functionalism is one of the early schools of psychological thought which took as the proper subject matter for psychological study those mental processes or chains of actions that demonstrate a usefulness in the adjustment of the organism to its environment.
The principles of functionalism have been absorbed into the main themes of contemporary psychology.
2. The belief that religious or political doctrine should be implemented literally, not interpreted or adapted.
3. The interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth.
A movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in matters of faith and morals but also as a literal historical record, holding as essential to Christian faith belief in such doctrines as the creation of the world, the virgin birth, physical resurrection, atonement by the sacrificial death of Christ, and His Second Coming.