(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)
2. An excessive, irrational zeal.
3. A fanatical character, spirit, or conduct.
The tendency to claim God as an ally for our partisan values and ends is the source of all religious fanaticism.
Fanaticism is often zeal without knowledge or without a rational basis.
A submissive attitude to events, resulting from such a a belief.2. A philosophical doctrine holding that all events are predetermined in advance for all time and human beings are powerless to change them.
3. An attitude of resignation and passivity that results from the belief that people are powerless against fate.
2. A feminine or woman's word or expression.
2. In pathology, the development of female secondary sexual characteristics in a male.
3. Advocacy of the rights of women (based on the theory of equality of the sexes).
2. The property of certain metals and alloys; especially, those of the iron group, rare-earth, and acitinide series, that are capable of spontaneous magnetic polarization, resulting in drastic magnetic effects.
These materials are strongly attracted to magnets and are used in permanent magnets and various ceramic compounds.
2. An idiom, phrase, custom, mannerism, or term imported from overseas: After returning from their trip to England, Jane adopted the foreignism of having tea with crumpets in the afternoon.
2. Any philosophy or system that gives practical and utilitarian concerns priority over aesthetic concerns.
3. Any doctrine that stresses utility or purpose.
4. The analysis and explanation of social institutions according to the function they perform in society; for example, the family is seen as an institution for social stability and cohesion.
Functionalism is one of the early schools of psychological thought which took as the proper subject matter for psychological study those mental processes or chains of actions that demonstrate a usefulness in the adjustment of the organism to its environment.
The principles of functionalism have been absorbed into the main themes of contemporary psychology.