-ics, -tics [-ac after i]

(Greek: a suffix that forms nouns and is usually used to form names of arts and sciences)

chromodynamics, quantum chromodynamics
1. A quantum field theory of elementary particles that states that the color properties of quarks (small particles of an atom) are bound together by gluons.
2. The physics of the relationship between color-carrying quarks, especially the nature of their strong interaction, which is characterized by the exchange of gluons.

Gluons are theoretical elementary particles without mass, thought to be involved in binding the subatomic particles of quarks together.

chronokinetics (s) (noun) (no pl)
A theory or fantasy that suggests that people can gain abilities by having a certain genetic marker with which they can develop abilities to form travel through time, control the speed of a subject's movement, slow down foes, and increase one's speed: A person with the power of chronokinetics could even accelerate or reverse the aging process on any subject he or she desires.

Chronokinetics may also include the manipulation of space as well in accordance with the time-space continuum, allowing teleportation.

The ability of chronokinesis is not likely to be the actual manipulation of time and space, but rather the chronokinetics manipulation of himself or herself in accordance with it.

This is derived from the fact that people with the power of chronokinetics are still held down by gravity when time is "frozen", are still able to breathe, the weight of other objects still apply, etc., all of which would be a focal point of why people believe in chronokinetics develop health concerns, which also supports the theory about the teleportation aspects of this ability.

"Teleportation" is a hypothetical method (in science fiction) of transportation in which matter or information is dematerialized, usually instantaneously at one point and recreated at another point with psychokinesis which is the supposed ability to use mental powers to make objects move or to otherwise affect them.

chronotherapy, chronotherapeutics (s) (noun), chronotherapies (pl)
1. Treatments of diseases that work in harmony with the body's natural time rhythms: One cure regarding chronotherapy relates to drugs given to patients at the optimum time in their day cycle of the cell growth of the illness.
2. The coordination of biological rhythms (chronobiology) with medical treatment: Chronotherapy includes a person's biological rhythms in determining the timing and sometimes the amount of medication in order to optimize a drug's desired effects and to minimize the undesired ones.
cinematics, kinematics
1. The science that deals with motions considered in themselves, or apart from their causes; the comparison and relation of motions.
2. The comparison and relation of motions or movements.
3. The branch of mechanics that studies the motion of a body, or a system of bodies, without consideration given to its mass or the forces acting on it.
4. The art of making motion pictures.
cineplastics, cineplastic amputation
A method of amputation of an extremity (arm, leg, hand, foot, etc.) whereby the muscles and tendons are so arranged in the stump that they are able to execute independent movements and to communicate motion to a specially constructed prosthetic apparatus.
civics (pl) (used as a singular) (noun)
1. A school subject in which students study how governments work and what people’s rights, duties, and responsibilities are as residents: The high school class in civics emphasized that everyone should do his or her best to have equality for everyone.
2. The study of the way in which governments work; and of the rights, the privileges, and the obligations of those who live in a municipality: When the mayor spoke to local groups, he tried to point out that civics was more than an educational study, but that all of them are responsible for doing what they can do to make life better, not only for themselves, but for everyone in the district.
cladistics, cladism, cladistic method, cladistic analysis
1. A method of classifying organisms into groups (taxa) based on "recency of common descent" as determined by the possession of shared derived characteristics.
2. A method of classification in which phylogenetic (evolutionary development or history) hypotheses (theories) are the basis for classification and the recency of common ancestry is the sole criterion for grouping taxa.
1. The study of the languages, literature, and cultures of ancient Greece and Rome.
2. The branch of the humanities which includes the languages, literature, philosophy, history, art, archaeology, and other culture of the ancient Mediterranean World; especially, of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome during the classical era.
1. Combinatorial topology which studies geometric forms by breaking them into simple geometric figures.
2. The branch of discrete mathematics that deals with the study of arrangement of objects into sets, and in particular with two general types of problems: enumeration and existence.
3. The study of the number of ways in which a given problem can be solved.

An example of a very early study of combinatorics is the Stomachion

Stomachion is the name given to an ancient puzzle, or tangram, in one of Archimedes' treatises.

A tangram is a puzzle in which a square is divided into different geometric shapes and, like a jigsaw, must be put back together. In the treatise the square is divided into 11 triangles, two quadrilaterals, and a pentagon. Many assumed that Archimedes simply included it as a challenging game.

On the other hand, there are those who believe that Archimedes might have included the Stomachion to demonstrate multiple solutions to a problem. This suggests that the question Archimedes was tackling was: how many ways are there to complete a square, given the 14 pieces of the puzzle?

The Stomachion is described in fragmentary manuscripts attributed to Archimedes as noted by Magnus Ausonius (310-395 A.D.).

The puzzle is also referred to as the "loculus of Archimedes" (Archimedes' box) or "syntemachion" in Latin texts. The word Stomachion has as its root the Greek word meaning, "stomach."

It should be noted that Ausonius was referring to the figure as the ostomachion, an apparent corruption of the original Greek.

Stomachion puzzle figure. Stomachion puzzle figure.
Examples of Stomachion puzzles.

—Much of the information for combinatorics came from
"Eureka! Archimedes knew a lot more than we give him credit for" by Sue Nelson,
New Scientist, October 6, 2007; pages 43-45.
computational fluid dynamics, CFD (noun) (a plural used as a singular)
The application of computer technology to make quantitative analyses and predictions concerning the behavior of fluids: The computational fluid dynamics predicts the behavior of fluids in motion and of the effects of movements around objects by using numerical methods.
An application of neural imaging and histological techniques done to increase the speed, efficiency, and resolution of maps of the multitude of neural connections in a nervous system.

The principal focus of such a procedure is the brain.

cosmetic (s) (noun), cosmetics (pl)
1. A preparation; such as, powder or a skin cream that is designed to beautify the body by direct application: Cosmetics are substances especially prepared to improve, beautify, and generally increase the attractiveness of a person.

Preparations of cosmetics are therefore intended to promote the health and beauty of the complexion, hair, hands, and nails of the hands and even of the feet.

2. Something superficial that is used to cover a physical deficiency or defect: Even men utilize cosmetics to enhance their physical appearances.
3. An item that is decorative rather than functional: As a hobby, Henry likes to put special fenders on cars that are cosmetic.
cosmic electrodynamics (plural form that functions as a singular) (noun)
1. The science concerned with electromagnetic phenomena in ionized media encountered in interstellar space, in stars, and above the atmosphere.
2. The physics of the interactions of moving, charged particles and magnetic fields in planetary atmospheres, stars, and interstellar and intergalactic space.
cosmical physics (pl) (noun)
In ancient astronomy, the word cosmical means "occurring at sunrise", and designates the rising, or setting, of the stars at that time: Cosmical physics is a term broadly applied to the totality of those branches of science which consider the phenomena of the cosmos, or universe, and their explanations by the laws of physics.

Cosmical physics includes geomagnetism, seismology, the tides, meteorology as related to cosmical causes, the aurora, meteoric phenomena, and the physical constitution of the heavenly bodies generally.

cosmonautics (pl) (noun), (plural used as a singular)
The science and activities of astronauts when they are traveling in outer space.