hyper-, hyp-

(Greek: above, over; excessive; more than normal; abnormal excess [in medicine]; abnormally great or powerful sensation [in physical or pathological terms]; highest [in chemical compounds])

hyperalgia
Extreme sensitiveness to pain.
hyperalimentation
1. Intravenous feeding that provides patients with all essential nutrients when they are unable to feed themselves.
2. A program of parenteral administration of all nutrients for patients with gastrointestinal dysfunction; called also total parenteral alimentation (TPA) and total parenteral nutrition (TPN).

Although the term hyperalimentation is commonly used to designate total or supplemental nutrition by intravenous feedings, it is not technically correct inasmuch as the procedure does not involve an "abnormally increased or excessive amount of feeding".

3. The ingestion, or eating, of excessive quantities of food, etc.; such as, bulimia and binge eating (uncontrolled ingestion of large quantities of food in a given amount of time, often with a sense of lack of control over the activity.

It is sometimes followed by forcing oneself to vomit, or purging through use of laxatives.

hyperalimentosis
Disease arising from the consumption of too much food.
hyperanakinesia
1. An abnormally active mechanical movement in the body; especially, of the stomach or intestine.
2. An excessive motor activity of a body part; such as, a to-and-fro movement.
hyperanakinesis
An abnormally active mechanical movement in the body; especially, of the stomach or intestine.
hyperanarchy
A condition beyond or worse than anarchy.
hyperarchy
An excess of government.
hyperauxetachy
An excessive rate of growth.
hyperbaric
1. Characterized by greater than normal pressure or weight, applied to gases under greater than atmospheric pressure; such as, hyperbaric oxygen or to a solution of greater specific gravity than another taken as a standard of reference.
2. Relating to, involving, or occurring at pressures higher than normal; such as, being greater than atmospheric pressure.
hyperbarism
1. Any condition caused by the exposure of the body to excessive ambient pressures, including adverse effects on body fluids, tissues, and cavities.
2. A condition resulting from exposure to ambient gas pressure, or atmospheric pressures, exceeding the pressures within the body.
hyperbenthos, hyperbenthic
Living above but close to the substratum.
hyperbilirubinemia
An abnormally high level of bilirubin in the blood, manifested by jaundice, anorexia, and malaise, occurring in association with liver disease and certain hemolytic anemias.

A sufficient elevation will produce jaundice. Some degree of hyperbilirubinemia is very common in babies right after birth, especially premies.

hyperbola
1. A conic section formed by a point that moves in a plane so that the difference in its distance from two fixed points in the plane remains constant.

A cone is an object or shape that has a circular base and tapers to a point at the top, or has a circular top and tapers to a point at the bottom.

2. A plane curve having two branches, formed by the intersection of a plane with both halves of a right circular cone at an angle parallel to the axis of the cone.

It is the locus of points for which the difference of the distances from two given points is a constant.

hyperbola, hyperbole
hyperbola (high PUR buh luh) (noun)
A mathematical term indicating a part of a curve: Every draftsman must learn the formula for the hyperbola.
hyperbole (high PUR buh lee) (noun)
1. An extravagant overstatement or exaggerated language that distorts facts by making them much bigger than they are if looked at objectively: Too much use of hyperbole can cast doubt on anything a person says.
2. A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect: Examples of hyperbole are illustrated by the following statements:

I'm so tired, I could sleep for a year.

This book weighs a ton.

I could eat a million of these cookies.

It is taking an eternity to finish the research!

It might be a hyperbole to describe the hyperbola as reaching to the moon instead of just stating that is was large and graceful.

hyperbole (high PUR buh lee) (s) (noun), hyperboles (pl)
1. An exaggeration for effect; an overstatement: Jane's mother used a hyperbole when she said over the phone, "Give little Timmy a thousand hugs and kisses from me!"
2. Something that is not to be taken literally; a figure of speech, or a distortion of what is real that is used for emphasis or special effects: Here are a few examples of hyperboles: Thanks a million; Stubborn as a mule; Strong as an ox; Big as a whale.

An over statement of the situation.
© ALL rights are reserved.

An exaggeration of what is going on.
© ALL rights are reserved.

A compliment that is false.
© ALL rights are reserved.

Something stated that is not intended to be taken literallly.
© ALL rights are reserved.

Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
so you can see more of Mickey Bach's cartoons.

Related "above, over, beyond the normal, excessive" word units: epi-; super-, supra-, sur; ultra-, ult-.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units meaning "more, plentiful, fullness, excessive, over flowing": copi-; exuber-; multi-; opulen-; ple-; pleio-; plethor-; poly-; super-; total-; ultra-; undu-.