hyper-, hyp-

(Greek: above, over; excessive; more than normal; abnormal excess [in medicine]; abnormally great or powerful sensation [in physical or pathological terms]; highest [in chemical compounds])

1. Extreme muscular withdrawal of a limb outward from the body.
2. Abduction (movement of the limbs toward the lateral plane or away from the body) of a limb beyond the normal limit.
Excessive rate of healing.
hyperacid, hyperacidity
An abnormally high degree of acidity, as of the gastric juice.
hyperactive (high" pur AK tiv) (adjective)
Overly active; such as, the inability to relax or to sit quietly: "Hyperactive children are characterized by constant motion-exploring, experimenting, etc.; and this condition is usually accompanied by distractions and frustrations."

"Some medical specialists suggest that a hyperactive adult might have brain damage and psychosis, but not necessarily."

hyperactive antimicrobials
Rosacea is a painful acne-like skin disorder, characterized by dilated blood vessels and persistent redness of the face.

There is evidence that cathelicidin peptides (which are chemotactic, angiogenic, and bactericidal, and are important for innate immune responses in the skin) are involved in the pathogenesis of rosacea.

1. A condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement.
2. A higher than normal level of activity.

A body organ can be described as hyperactive if it is more active than normal and a person's behavior can also be considered as hyperactive.

People who are hyperactive always seem to be in motion. They can't sit still; they may dash around or talk incessantly. Sitting still through a lesson can be an impossible task. They may roam around the room, squirm in their seats, wiggle their feet, touch everything, or noisily tap a pencil. They may also feel intensely restless.

The increased sharpness of sense perceptions.
hyperacusia (s) (noun), hyperacusias (pl)
1. Abnormally sharp and loud hearing, sometimes resulting in pain even when only moderately loud sounds are in the area of the subject: "Brett had been diagnosed with hyperacusia which made his job of monitoring crowds at band concerts too difficult for him to tolerate any more because the sounds of the crowds and the bands were too painful for his ears."

"Deafness is not the only danger of noise exposure of hyperacusia; in fact, the stress causes some 45,000 fatal heart attacks a year in the developing world, according to researcher Dieter Schwela of the Stockholm Environment Institute."

—Compiled from information located in
"Noise" by Jonathon Keats; Discover magazine;
June, 2014; page 74.
2. Increased sharpness of hearing or a condition that exists when sounds are perceived as abnormally loud: "Although Caroline always wanted to attend a live concert with her favorite band, she was advised not to do so because of the hyperacusia in her ears which would make going to the concert a terribly painful experience."
Glandular enlargement, especially of the lymphatic glands.
An extreme degree of adiposis, or fatness.
hyperadrenalemia, hyperepinephrinemia
A greater than normal concentration of epinephrine in the blood.

Epinephrine is a substance produced by the medulla (inside) of the adrenal gland.

The name epinephrine was coined in 1898 by the American pharmacologist and physiologic chemist (biochemist) John Jacob Abel who isolated it from the adrenal gland which is located above (epi-) the kidney (Greek nephros).

Epinephrine causes increased rapidness of the heart beat, strengthens the force of the heart's contraction, opens up the airways (bronchioles) in the lungs, and has numerous other effects.

Excessive sensitivity to painful stimuli; also called hyperalgia.
A reference to an exaggerated sense of pain.
Relating to hyperalgesia (an excessive sensitiveness or sensibility to pain).

Related "above, over, beyond the normal, excessive" word units: epi-; super-, supra-, sur; ultra-, ult-.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units meaning "more, plentiful, fullness, excessive, over flowing": copi-; exuber-; multi-; opulen-; ple-; pleio-; plethor-; poly-; super-; total-; ultra-; undu-.