gov-, gover- +

(Greek > Latin: to steer or to pilot a ship; to rule; a steersman)

From Greek, kubernan, "to steer" and is related to words beginning with cyber-. From the Greek, Latin picked it up as gubernare, and guvernator, "to steer" or "to pilot a ship" from which we also get "gubernatorial".

antigovernment (adjective), more antigovernment, most antigovernment
1. Concerning the opposition to, or in rebellion against an existing government: An antigovernment political group, military force, etc., seeks to replace or to overthrow a government that is in operation at that time.
2. Referring to the opposition of a government in general: The antigovernment principles and ideas were talked about among the people at the table in the pub.
extra-governmental, extragovernmental (adjective); more extra-governmental, most extra-governmental;, more extragovernmental, most extragovernmental
Pertaining to being outside the limitations of the judicial and regulatory bodies of a country’s authority: A ruling power is considered to be extra-governmental when it goes beyond the boundaries drawn around its power by a written constitution and operating in sharp contrast to the way it was designed to function.
govern (verb), governs; governed; governing
1. To be officially responsible for directing the affairs, policies, and economy of a state, country, or organization: The citizens of the nation are so happy that they are not governed by a dictator.
2. To make and to administer the public policy and affairs of; to exercise sovereign authority: The young kind governed the country in a wise manner after his father, the old kind, passed away.
3. To control, to regulate, or to direct something: The state governs the eligibility of teachers to receive their retirement funds.
4. To have or to exercise an influence over something: Luck or chance can govern the outcome of the game solitaire in a person's favour.
5. To control something by restraint: Sally was unable to govern her emotions.
6. To maintain the speed of an engine or to keep it from going above a specific level by controlling the fuel or steam supply: At the garage, Tom wanted to have the valve that governed the fuel intake checked carefully.
governable (adjective), more governable, most governable
Regarding the condition of being amenable to law or rule; controllable; manageable; obedient: The psychologist, Mr. Bean, told his patient that her actions would be governable after attending the training sessions offered.
governance (s) (noun), governances (pl)
The act or power of governing: The process of passing laws, repairing roads, and collecting taxes are all examples of governance.

Governance is also the exercise of authority and control.

governess (s) (noun), governesses (pl)
A woman entrusted with the care and supervision of a child: A governess is especially employed by those living in a private home.

In addition, a governess is a woman engaged to teach children in their own homes, and sometimes also to care for the children.

governing (adjective) (not comparable)
1. Pertaining to the responsibility for making and enforcing rules and laws: A governing organisation is one that has the power to control a certain activity.
2. Descriptive of a faction having the power to govern a country or an organization: In the newspaper article that Jim read, there seemed to be some discontent in the governing party.
government (s) (noun), governments (pl)
1. A group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws for a country or area: The German government has its seat of residence in Berlin.
2. A state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power: The U.S. government should always follow the Constitution of the United States.
3. The control and administration of public policy in a political unit: The population was angry at the government in their town that implemented unfair economic policies.
4. The administration or management of an organization, business, or institution: The employees were dissatisfied with the present government of their firm.
Two characteristics of government are that it cannot do anything quickly, and that it never knows when to quit.
—Jeremy Thorpe
The trouble with this country is that there are too many politicians who believe, with a conviction based on experience, that you can fool all of the people all of the time.
—Franklin P. Adams, 1881-1960, American journalist
In general, the art of government consists in taking as much money as possible from one party of the citizens to give to the other.
—Voltaire, 1694-1778, French satirist
government deficit (s) (noun), government deficits (pl)
A shortage, less than is due as in the case of a business or government budget: A government deficit involves more expenditures than income.

Unbalanced budgets with a planned year-end government deficit are prohibited at every level of government except at the federal level.

governmental (adjective), more governmental, most governmental
Concerning a government with the authority to make laws, adjudicate disputes, and to issue administrative decisions: A governmental agency can provide economic help to underdeveloped nations.
governmentalism (s) (noun), governmentalisms (pl)
A trend toward expansion of a government's role: Governmentalism is a theory supporting the addition of the range of activities or power in a country.
governmentalist (s) (noun), governmentalists (pl)
Someone who promotes the extension of the sphere and degree of government activity: Mr. Pearson, a governmentalist, was active in his hometown's administration and supported the extension of its role and power in his city.
governmentally (adverb) (not comparable)
A reference to how people in a government execute public affairs: The issues were governmentally decided upon and were to be put into effect the coming year.

A small group of people, holding simultaneously the principal political executive offices of a nation or other political unit, are governmentally responsible for the direction and supervision of public affairs.

governor (s) (noun), governors (pl)
1. The elected executive of a state government in the United States: Gavin Christopher Newson has been the democratic governor of California since January 7, 2019.
2. A control that maintains a steady speed in a machine: A governor is a device that regulates the supply of fuel in a vehicle.
gubernatorial (adjective) (not comparable)
Relating to, involving, or associated with a state governor, or to the office of a state governor: Gubernatorial elections are held every four years in the states of the U.S.

Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "master, lead, leading, ruler, ruling, govern": -agogic; agon-; arch-; -crat; dom-; magist-; poten-; regi-; tyran-.