geno-, gen-, genit-, gener-, -gen
(Greek > Latin: race, kind; line of descent; origin, creation; pertaining to sexual relations, reproduction, or heredity; and more recently, a gene or genes)
2. The production of fat, either fatty degeneration or fatty infiltration; also applied to the normal deposition of fat or to the conversion of carbohydrate or protein to fat.
3. The production of fat by the body; adipogenesis.
2. Of or relating to the production of fat.
2. Cleavage of an ovum.
2. The study of genomes recovered from environmental samples as opposed to getting them from clonal cultures.
The technique is to clone DNA in large fragments directly from the microorganism's environment; (soil or oceans) into a culturable host and conduct a sequence-based and functional genomic analysis on it.
The hope of this new strategy is isolate new chemical signals, new secondary metabolites that might have utility to humans, and the reconstruction of an entire genome of an uncultured organism.
This relatively new field of genetic research allows the genomic study of organisms that are not easily cultured in a laboratory.
In 1998, Jo Handelsman, a plant pathologist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and four colleagues coined the term metagenomics, literally, "beyond genomics".
Metagenomics has also been described as "the comprehensive study of nucleotide sequence, structure, regulation, and function".
Scientists can study the smallest component of an environmental system by extracting DNA from organisms in the system and inserting it into a model organism. The model organism then expresses this DNA where it can be studied using standard laboratory techniques.
"In biotechnology, methanogenesis is the last step in the artificial production of methane, during which hydrogen and bicarbonate are processed into methane."