flat-, flatu-

(Latin: to blow, a puff of wind or air; by extension, accumulation of gas in the stomach or bowels)

inflate (verb), inflates; inflated; inflating
1. To fill something with air or gas: Some items that can be inflated are balls, mattresses, tires, or boats in order to bring them to a desired size, shape, and firmness for use.
2. To make something appear greater: Little Ivy wanted to exaggerate or inflate the importance of herself by acting like a grownup!
3. In economics, an increase of prices or money supply: The cost of gas at the gas stations inflated becoming higher and higher from day to day.
inflation (s) (noun), inflations (pl)
1. A persistent increase in the level of consumer prices or a persistent decline in the purchasing power of money; Inflation can be caused by an increase in available currency and credit beyond the proportion of available goods and services.
2. The act of blowing something up (the act of filling with air), or the condition of being expanded: The situation of inflation can be demonstrated by a balloon that has been blown up completely!
3. An attitude or a state of being puffed up with pride or a lack of elegance: A case of inflation can be a consequence of being pompous and swollen-headed with vanity, and not modest at all!
4. Etymology: from Latin inflationem, inflatio, a noun of action from inflare, "to blow into, to puff up", from in-, "into" + flare, "to blow".

The monetary sense of "enlargement of prices" (originally by an increase in the amount of money in circulation) was first recorded 1838 in American English.

inflationary (adjective), more inflationary, most inflationary
Regarding the tendency to cause an increase in prices of products: The inflationary costs of everyday articles made it extremely difficult to buy food and pay for other living expenses.

The inflationary rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services continues to go up makes it harder for people to maintain their physical survival.

inflationism (s) (noun) (no pl)
The advocacy, or policy, of deliberately causing economic increases in the supply of available currency and credit: Inflationism is a policy or belief that encourages an increase in the level of consumer prices, or a decline in the purchasing power of money, which is caused by more available money and credit beyond the amount of accessible goods and services.
insufflate (verb), insufflates; insufflated; insufflating
1. To breathe or to blow into or on: At the baptism, air was insufflated onto the baby to symbolise the benignity of the Holy Spirit.
2. To cure by blowing a gas, vapor, or powder into a body cavity for medical therapy: To provide treatment, a medicative substance was insufflated into the enclosed space of the sinus.
3. Etymology: from the past participle stem of Latin insuffl?re, from in- + suffl?re, "to blow on".
To blow one's breath upon or into.
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Non fluctu nec flatu movetur. (Latin proverb)
He is not moved by either wave nor wind.
perflate (verb), perflates; perflated; perflating
To blow air into, or through something: Thomas perflated his straw and expelled any substances that were in it.

It is also possible for a dentist to perflate a cavity in a person's tooth in order to remove any substances before continuing the filling process.

perflation (s) (noun), perflations (pl)
The act of blowing air into a cavity or canal: Perflation is necessary to expand the walls of the nose in order to expel any secretions that have collected there.
reflate (verb), reflates; reflated; reflating
To restore decreased prices to a more desirable level: Certain measures were taken to reflate the economy after a time of deflation.

To increase or to reflate the amount of money and credit in circulation was important again.

reflation (s) (noun), reflations (pl)
The process of bringing an economy out of recession by increasing the amount of money in circulation within it: Reflation, or the restoration of economic activity, consumer prices, etc., to higher levels, can be achieved by manipulating the monetary policies.
sufflate (verb), sufflates; sufflated; sufflating
A rarely used term meaning to inflate or blow up; to inspire; to make happy: Jack decided to sufflate the flat tire on his bike by increasing the amount of air in it.

Ivy was totally sufflated when she got a beautiful doll for Christmas!

Cross references of word groups that are related, directly or indirectly, to: "air, wind": aello-; aeolo-; aero-; anemo-; atmo-; austro-; phys-; pneo-, -pnea; pneumato-; turb-; vent-; zephyro-.