fasci-, fascio-, fasc-, fascia-

(Latin: band, bandage; bundle, bunch; used in the extended sense of "pertaining to the fascia", a band or sheet of fibrous tissue providing a subcutaneous covering for various parts of the body)

axillary fascia, fascia axillaris (s) (noun) (only singular)
The flat band of tissue below the skin that covers tissues, separates different layers of tissue, and encloses muscles: Axillary fascia forms the basic area of the axilla or the underarm area.
brachial fascia (s) (noun), brachial fasciae (pl)
The deep enveloping sheet of fibrous tissue enclosing muscles or groups of muscle fibers of the arm: The brachial fascia is continuous with the pectoral muscles.
clavipectoral fascia (s) (noun), clavipectoral fasciae (pl)
A fascia that extends between the coracoid process, the clavicle, and the thoracic wall.

It includes the muscular fascia which envelops the subclavius and pectoralis minor muscles and the strong membrane (costocoracoid membrane) formed in the interval between them, and the suspensory ligament of the axilla.

The clavipectoral fascia (and the muscles it envelopes) constitute the deep anterior wall of the axilla (armpit area).

deep fascia (s) (noun), deep fasciae (pl)
A significantly large range of three kinds of fibrous tissues consisting of an intricate series of connective sheets and bands that hold the muscles and other structures in place throughout the body, wrapping the muscles in gray, felt-like membranes: The deep fasciae have continuous systems that split and fuse in elaborate networks which are attached to the skeleton and are divided into the outer layers, the internal layers, and the intermediate membranes.
fascia (s) (noun), fasciae (pl)
A sheet or band of fibrous connective membrane separating or binding together muscles and the body organs, etc.: The fasciae are structural ligaments below the skin that cover the underlying parts of physical structures and separate different layers of tissues; such as, the tendons, the aponeuroses (membranes that function to bind muscles together or to connect muscles to bones), and the ligaments which cover, support, and separate muscles.

The fasciae vary in thickness and density and in the amounts of fat, collagenous fiber, elastic fiber, and tissue fluids which they contain.

Three kinds of fasciae are deep fascia, subcutaneous fascia, and subserous fascia; all of which are located in this fasci- unit.

fasciaplasty, fascioplasty
A plastic operation on fascia.
1. The act of binding up or fastening, as with bandages.
2. The manner in which something is bound up or fastened.
3. In botany, an abnormal flattening or coalescence of stems, as in broccoli.
1. A small bundle.
2. One of the parts of a book published in separate sections; also called fascicule.
3. In botany, a bundle or cluster of stems, flowers, or leaves.
fascicular (adjective), more fascicular, most fascicular
Relating to something that is arranged as a bundle of rods: The body contains fascicular groups of nerve and muscle fibers.
fasciculate (verb), fasciculates; fasciculated; fasciculating
fasciculation (s) (noun), fasciculations (pl)
Irregular, spontaneous, involuntary, and usually continual and uncoordinated contractions of a single muscle group that is supposed to be at rest: Unlike fibrillation, which is a similar condition, fasciculation can be seen under the skin and it is described as either minimal or major in movements.

Fasciculations can occur in normal individuals without an associated disease or condition, or as a result of illness; such as, muscle cramps, nerve diseases, and metabolic imbalances.

Persistent fasciculations with weakness in the affected muscle can be diagnosed as damage to, or a disease, of the nerve cells in the spine which control the muscle or nerve fibers that connect the spinal nerves to the muscle.

One of the ailments of the disorder of fasciculations are "motor neuron diseases" in which groups of nerves that control muscular activities degenerate within the brain and spinal cord; resulting in weakness and atrophy (wasting away) of the muscles.

The fasciculation of the heart muscle is known as "fibrillation".

A bundle of anatomical fibers; such as, of muscle or nerve.
fasciectomy (s) (noun), fasciectomies (pl)
Excision of strips of flat layers of fibrous tissues that cause a scar.
fasciitis, fascitis (s) (noun); fasciitides, fascitises (pl)
1. Inflammation of the lining or fibrous connective tissue under the skin that covers a surface of underlying tissues: Such fasciitisFasciitis is often caused by straining or injuring the area surrounding a muscle and it is most common on the soles of the feet.

2. An abnormal benign growth that resembles a tumor that develops in the subcutaneous oral tissues, usually in the cheeks: The fasciitis commonly grows rapidly and then it regresses consisting of young fibroblasts (flat cells in the connective tissue) and many capillaries (microscopic blood vessels).
A band of minute tubercles, bearing modified spines, on the shells of spatangoid sea urchins.