ex-, e-, ef-

(Latin: a prefix occurring in words of Latin origin used in the senses: out, out of, from; upward; completely, entirely; to remove from, deprive of; without; former [said of previous holders of office or dignity])

Before f, ex- becomes ef-; before all voiced consonants (as b, d, g, etc.) ex- becomes e-.

excerptible (adjective)
1. That which can be selected or gleaned.
2. An obtainable extract.
3. Having material which can be excerpted or selected.
4. Suitable for making excerpts, extracts, or selections from.
excerption (s) (noun), excerptions (pl)
An excerpt which is selected or gleaned from a written context, etc.
excerptive (adjective)
1. Inclined to excerpt context from published contents, etc.
2. Characterized by excerptions.
excerptor, excerpter (s) (noun); exceptors, excerpters (pl)
Someone who makes excerpts; a picker; a culler.
excise (verb), excises; excised; excising
1. To remove surgically or as if by cutting: The doctor excised the tumor during the Tom's operation.
2. To delete a part of something such as a text, part of a film, etc: The producer excised two scenes from the movie.
3. Etymology: from Latin excis-, past participle of excidere "to cut out" from ex-, "out" + caedere "to cut".
execute (verb), executes; executed; executing
1. To put someone to death as part of a legal or extralegal process as punishment for murdering a person, or people: "Matt was captured, tried, and executed for murder."
2. To complete or to carry out an action or movement; especially, one requiring skill: "The pilot was rewarded for executing an emergency landing which saved hundreds of lives."
3. To put an instruction or plan into effect: "They carefully executed the plan for the project as was previously worked out."
4. To run a computer file or program in response to a command or instruction: "The computer program has been executing the program much more efficiently than it did before."
5. To produce or to create something; such as, a work of art, to a specific design: "The painting was executed in bright colors."
6. To carry out the terms laid out in a will, a legal document, or a legal decision: "The lawyer was asked to execute the provisions of their father's will."
7. To sign a will or other legal document in the presence of witnesses in order to make it binding: "Truman's son was executing his mother's will by signing it in front of the other members of the family."
8. Etymology: literally "to follow out" and so execute came to mean "to carry out a death sentence".

"Execute also means "to carry out a plan" or "to perform" as:

  • "The architect's plan for the new building was executed in every detail."
  • "The ballet dancer executed a spectacular leap that made the audience cheer with approval."
Exempta juvat spiris e pluribus unus.
Better one thorn plucked than all remain.
exhort, export, extort
exhort (ig ZORT) (verb)
To raise interest in something by strong argument or urging: The student leader attempted to exhort his friends to march to the government buildings.
export (ik SPORT, ik SPOHRT, EK sport", EK spohrt") (verb)
To arrange for and to send goods or ideas from one location to another one: The people were proud to be able to export their grain crops to poor countries.
extort (ik STORT) (verb)
To obtain something through intimidation or illegal power: The courts realized that the gangster had tried to extort money from the business owners.

The president of the union tried to exhort his members to boycott the export of expensive products. It was believed that the politicians were trying to extort the union president for their own means.

exit (s) (noun), exits (pl)
1. An opening that permits escape or release.
2. Euphemistic expressions for death.
3. The departure of a performer, or actor, from a stage.
4. Etymology: from Latin exit, "he or she goes out"; third person singular, present indicative, of exire, "to go out"; from ex-, "out" + ire, "go".

Also from Latin exitus, "a leaving, a going out" a noun of action from exire, "to go out".

exit (verb), exits; exited; exiting
The act of going out or away.
exonerate (verb), exonerates; exonerated; exonerating
1. To officially declare that someone is not to blame or is not guilty of wrongdoing: Tamika's attorney claims that the new evidence will completely exonerate her from the charges made by her former employer.
2. To relieve someone from an obligation, task, or responsibility: The executive officer of the newspaper publication offered to exonerate Bruce from the editorial contract.

The bank wrote to Charles to explain that the bank will not be exonerating him from repaying the bank loan.

3. To clear, as of an accusation; to free from guilt or blame; to exculpate: The investigative report of the port authorities exonerated the ship's crew from all responsibility for the collision.

Frank was relieved that the judge chose to exonerate him from the unpaid parking ticket because of the emergency situation.

4. Etymology: from Latin ex-, "out, away" +onus, "burden"; "to remove the onus or burden of guilt".
To clear from a charge or accusation of a criminal act.
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exorbitant (adjective), more exorbitant, most exorbitant
1. Relating to something that costs too much in terms of price and value; characteristic of exceeding proper limits; extravagant; excessive or unduly high: The university students complained that the tuition fees were being increased to exorbitant levels and that many of them could not make such payments.

The exorbitant gas prices made some people quit driving their cars for awhile.

Exorbitant interest rates often decrease the number of buyers who really want to purchase houses.

2. Etymology: a legal term, "deviating from rule or principle, eccentric"; from Latin exorbitantem, exorbitans, exorbitare, "to deviate, to go out of the track", from ex-. "out of" + orbita, "wheel track".
Exceeding the normal amount or charge for something.
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Going beyond the usual cost.
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expand (verb), expands; expanded; expanding
Etymology: "spread out, spread flat" from Anglo-French espaundre, Middle Frenckh espandre and directly from Latin expandere "to spread out, to unfold"; from ex-, "out" + pandere, "to spread, to stretch".
expatriate (s) (noun), expatriates (pl)
People who have been driven from their native countries or who have withdrawn from living in a certain place: When Janet left her home in California and moved to Germany for good, she became an expatriate.
An exile who has chosen to live in another place.
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Someone who withdraws from his or her own country to live in another one.
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expatriate (verb), expatriates; expatriated; expatriating
1. To cause someone to leave his native land or to exile him or her.
2. To withdraw oneself from his or her country for reasons of survival: There are many refugees who are fleeing their habitats because of terrible economic and living conditions where they have been living.