esophag-, esophago-

(Greek: gullet, throat [passage from the mouth to the stomach], that which carries food; the path along which food travels from the mouth to the stomach)

Here is a special article about the Neck and Throat.

esophagostenosis
The stricture or a general abnormal narrowing of the esophagus.
esophagostoma
1. The external opening of an artificial opening leading into the esophagus.
2. The external opening of a surgically created communication between the skin and the esophagus.
esophagostomy
Surgical formation of an opening directly into the esophagus from an external direction.
esophagotome
A cutting (surgical) instrument for use in esophagotomy.
esophagotomy
An incision through the wall of the esophagus.
esophagotrachea
Communicating with both the trachea and esophagus.
esophagotracheal, tracheoesophageal
A reference to communicating, or connecting, with both the trachea and esophagus.
esophagus (s), esophagi (pl)
1. The passage down which food moves between the throat and the stomach.
2. In medicine, the musculomembranous passage extending from the pharynx to the stomach.

It is about 25-cm long and consists of three parts:

  1. The cervical part, from the cricoid cartilage to the thoracic inlet.
  2. The thoracic part, from the thoracic inlet to the diaphragm.
  3. The abdominal part, below the diaphragm to the cardiac opening of the stomach.

3. Etymology: from Greek oisophagos; from oiso-, "to bring, to carry" + phagos, "eat".
gastroesophageal
Flow of the stomach's contents back up into the esophagus.

This happens when the muscle between the esophagus and the stomach (the lower esophageal sphincter) is weak or relaxes when it shouldn't which may cause esophagitis.

Also called esophageal reflux or reflux esophagitis.

megaesophagus
Failure of the esophagogastric sphincter to relax with swallowing, as a result of the degeneration of the ganglion cells in the wall of the organ.

The thoracic esophagus also loses its normal peristaltic activity and becomes dilated. Also called, cardiospasm.

Specifically, failure of the esophagogastric sphincter to relax when swallowing, because of the degeneration of ganglion cells in the wall of the organ.

periesophageal
Surrounding the esophagus.
presbyesophagus
1. A condition characterized by alteration in motor function of the esophagus as a result of degenerative changes occurring with advancing age.
2. A disorder in the elderly characterized by altered motility of the esophagus.

Related "eat, eating" word units: brycho-; esculent-; glutto-; phago-; vor-.

Cross references related to "neck, throat" word families: cervic-; coll-; guttur-; laryng-; nuch-; trachel-.

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "food, nutrition, nourishment": alimento-; broma-; carno-; cibo-; esculent-; sitio-; tropho-; Eating Crawling Snacks; Eating: Carnivorous-Plant "Pets"; Eating: Folivory or Leaf Eaters; Eating: Omnivorous.