-emia, -aemia +
(Greek: a suffix; blood, usually a diseased condition of the blood)
2. A morbid or vitiated condition of the blood; especially, when resulting from mineral poisoning.
2. The excessive dilution of the blood, so that the proportion of serum to corpuscles is excessive.
3. A condition in which the blood volume is increased as a result of an increase in the water content of plasma, with or without a reduction in the concentration of protein; there is an excess of plasma in proportion to the cellular elements and a corresponding decrease in hematocrit (proportion of the blood that consists of packed red blood cells).
4. Excessive dilution of the blood, so that the proportion of serum to corpuscles is excessive; seen in splenomegaly (enlargement of the spleen) and other conditions.
A condition in which the blood volume is increased as a result of an increase in the water content of plasma, with or without a reduction in the concentration of protein; there is an excess of plasma in proportion to the cellular elements and a corresponding decrease in hematocrit (percentage of the volume of a blood sample occupied by cells).
A sufficient elevation will produce jaundice. Some degree of hyperbilirubinemia is very common in babies right after birth, especially premies.
2. An excess of blood in a part of the boy or an engorgement (overfullness or obstruction of the vessels in some part of the system).
2. An elevated level specifically of the sugar glucose in the blood.
Hyperglycemia is often found in diabetes mellitus. It occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it has to turn glucose into energy.
2. An excess of lipoproteins (any of the lipid-protein, or fat-protein, complexes in which lipids or fats exist) in the blood, due to a disorder of lipoprotein metabolism.
It may be acquired or hereditary. Acquired forms accompany other disorders or may be caused by environmental factors such as diet.
There are a number of different hereditary forms, classified according to clinical features, enzymatic abnormalities, and serum lipoprotein patterns.
2. Abnormally low levels of all classes of immunoglobulins in the blood.
2. An abnormally low level of glucose in the blood.
The symptoms of hypoglycemia may include anxiety, sweating, tremor, palpitations, nausea, and pallor.
Hypoglycemia also starves the brain of glucose energy, which is essential for proper brain function. Lack of glucose energy to the brain can cause symptoms ranging from headache, mild confusion, and abnormal behavior, to the loss of consciousness, seizure, and coma. Severe hypoglycemia can cause death.
2. An abnormally decreased volume of circulating blood in the body; the most common cause is hemorrhage or bleeding.