electro-, electr-, electri-

(Greek > Latin: electric, electricity; from amber, resembling amber, generated from amber which when rubbed vigorously [as by friction], produced the effect of static electricity)

Electronics in our lives consists of numerous tools

Equipment which we use everyday relies on electronics to function including calculators, car controls, cameras, washing machines, medical scanners, mobile telephones, radar systems, computers; as well as many other applications or devices which are listed in this unit.

electrostatic coalescence
1. The coalescence of cloud drops (merging of two or more water drops into a single larger drop) resulting from the electrostatic attractions between drops of opposite charges.
2. The coalescence of two cloud or rain drops brought about by polarization effects resulting from an external electric field.
electrostatic component
A portion of radiation which results from electrostatic fields.
electrostatic copier, electrostatic copying
1. A photocopying machine designed for electrostatic printing.
2. A printing copier which employs principles of electrostatography or all of the processes involving the forming and uses of electrostatic charged patterns for recording and reproducing images.
3. A type of copier that employs the principles of photoconductivity and electrostatic attraction.
4. A copying machine in which a photosensitive material is electrically charged in the pattern of the original being copied, and the potential image is developed by applying a finely powdered carbon toner which has been oppositely charged.

Examples include Xerox and Electrofax copying processes.

electrostatic coupling
A method of coupling (process of linking two or more circuits) by which charges on one surface influence those on another surface through capacitive action or the capability of a body, system, circuit, or device for storing electric charges.
electrostatic deflection
1. The deflection or the displacement of an electron beam from its straight-line path of an electron beam by means of an electrostatic field which is produced by electrodes on opposite sides of a beam. 2. A technique for modifying the path of a stream of charged particles by the use of an electric field applied across from side to side or at right angles to the path of the particles.
3. The movement of an electron beam as a result of the electrostatic field produced by electrodes on either side of the beam.

It is primarily used in cathode-ray tubes for oscilloscopes and in old-fashioned television picture tubes.

The electron beam is bent toward a positive electrode and bent away from a negative electrode or it is attracted to a positive electrode and repelled by the negative electrostatic charges.

electrostatic detection
1. A technique for locating a solid body; such as, a mineral deposit, by using specialized equipment to measure the electrostatic field surrounding a body.
2. The detection, perception of, or determination and location of any type of solid body; such as, a mineral deposit or a mine, by measuring the associated electrostatic field that arises spontaneously or is induced by the detection equipment.
electrostatic detector
an instrument for determining the presence or absence, polarity, and relative magnitude of electrostatic charges.
electrostatic discharge protection
The following methods can be used for protecting appliances and circuits against electrostatic discharges:
  • Making surfaces on packages and containers for transporting vulnerable instruments conductive to prevent or to dissipate static buildup.
  • Grounding conductive work surfaces.
  • Requiring handlers to wear grounded, conductive wrist straps and conductive outer garments.
  • Maintaining at least fifty percent relative humidity and active air ionization (static charges) in the work zone.
electrostatic discharge sensitivity
Susceptibility or sensitivity to the damage of a circuit or an appliance to damage or destruction by electrostatic discharges.
electrostatic discharge simulator
Equipment for simulating or imitating the discharge of static electricity from the human body or a naturally occurring discharge.
electrostatic discharge, ESD
The movement of static electricity from a non-conductive surface which can damage or destroy semiconductors and other circuit components.

Static electricity can build on paper, plastic, or other non-conductors and be discharged by human skin (a finger) contact.

It can also be created by scuffing or rubbing one's shoes on a carpet or by brushing a non-conductor.

electrostatic electrogtraphy
That branch of electrostatography or the processes involving the forming and use of electrostatic charged patterns for recording and reproducing images that produce a visible record by employing an insulating medium to form latent electrostatic images with the aid of electromagnetic radiation.
electrostatic electrophotography
That branch of electrostatograplhy (process of recording and reproducing visible patterns) that produces a visible record by employing a photoresponsive medium to form latent electrostatic images with the aid of electromagnetic radiation.
electrostatic energy
1. The energy contained in electricity or in an electric charge at rest; such as, in the charge of a capacitor.
2. The potential energy that a collection of electric charges have as indicated by their positions as they relate to each other.
electrostatic error, antenna effect, vertical component effect
A distortion of the directional properties of a loop antenna caused by an input to the direction-finding receiver which is produced between the loop and the ground.

This is the opposite of that which is created between the two terminals of the loop.

The references or sources of information for compiling the words and definitions in this unit are listed at this Electronic Bibliography page or specific sources are indicated when they are appropriate.

A cross reference of word units that are related, directly and/or indirectly, with "electricity": galvano-; hodo-; ion-; piezo-; -tron; volt; biomechatronics, info; mechatronics, info.