electro-, electr-, electri-

(Greek > Latin: electric, electricity; from amber, resembling amber, generated from amber which when rubbed vigorously [as by friction], produced the effect of static electricity)

Electronics in our lives consists of numerous tools

Equipment which we use everyday relies on electronics to function including calculators, car controls, cameras, washing machines, medical scanners, mobile telephones, radar systems, computers; as well as many other applications or devices which are listed in this unit.

electronic funds transfer, EFT
1. The use of telecommunications networks to transfer funds from one financial institution; such as, a bank, to another bank, or to withdraw funds from one's own account to deposit in a creditor's account.
2. A system for transferring monetary funds from one account or location to another one by computer.
electronic fuse, radio-frequency heating, influence fuse, variable-time fuse, vt fuse
1. A fuse that is ignited by a self-contained electronic element; for example, a proximity fuse or an electronically triggered device designed to detonate an explosive charge in a missile, etc., at a predetermined distance from the target.
2. A fuse; such as, the radio proximity fuse, set off by an electronic device incorporated within it.

A fuse that detonates a warhead when the target is within some specified region near the fuse.

Radio, radar, photoelectric, or other devices may be used as activating elements.

electronic game
1. A self-contained version of a video game, with its own microprocessor-controlled screen or other type of display.
2. Miniature, pocket-sized versions of such activities are battery-powered and can display animated figures and symbols for playing the games on a liquid-crystal panel.

electronic generator, electronic heater
A high-powered oscillator which generates RF (radio frequency) energy for electronic heating.
electronic heating, high-frequency heating, radio-frequency heating or RF heating
1. Heating which is generated by a radio-frequency power source, that produces a radio-frequency current.
2. Heating with radio-frequency current that is produced by an electron-tube oscillator or an equivalent radio-frequency power source.
3. A method of heating a material by inducing a high-frequency current into it or having the material act as the dielectric (having little or no ability to conduct electricity) between two plates charged with a high-frequency current.
electronic hookup wires
Wires that are used to make the internal connections between the various electrical parts of electronic assemblies.
electronic horizontal-situation indicator, electronic horizontal situation indicator, EHSI; horizontal-situation indicator, horizontal situation indicator
1. An integrated multicolor map display of an airplane's position combined with a color weather radar display, plus a scale selected by the pilot, together with information on wind directions and velocities, horizontal situations, and deviation from the planned vertical path.
2. An instrument which may display bearing and distance to a navigation aid, magnetic heading, track/course and track/course deviation.
3. An electronically generated display that provides a basic horizontal view of the aircraft's navigation picture.
4. A combination instrument which shows a pilot the actual coarse, as compared to the intended coarse, and the relationship of the aircraft to the glide slope.
electronic humidistat
1. A instrument, used to regulate the degree of humidity, which is composed of two sets of alternate metal conductors that transmit any variations in humidity to a relay amplifier.
2. A humidistat (instrument for measuring humidity) in which a change in the relative humidity causes a change in the electrical resistance between two sets of alternate metal conductors mounted on a small flat plate with plastic coating, and this change in resistance is measured by a relay amplifier.
electronic identification system
When a digit number is painlessly planted under an animal's skin and can be picked up by scanners at pet shelters in order to identify a stolen or lost pet.
electronic ignition, breakerless ignition
An automotive ignition in which electrical pulses are generated electronically, usually by transistors controlled by sensing devices that control the firing of spark plugs, without the use of mechanically actuated breaker points.
electronic imaging
1. A system of photography that uses a sensor placed behind a camera lens to translate an image into an electronic signal, which can be stored on a disk or magnetic tape for playback on a VCR or videodisc player and viewing on a television screen.
2. Using computers and/or specialized hardware/software to capture (copy), store, process, manipulate, and distribute "flat information" including documents, photographs, paintings, drawings, and plans, through digitization.
3. A photographic system in which a sensor is placed behind a camera lens to convert an image into an electronic signal, that can be stored for later playback on a television screen.
Electronic Industries Association, EIA (noun)
A trade association consisting primarily of the electronic component and equipment manufactulrers industry.

Some of its functions include the formulation of technical standards, dissemination of marketing data, standardization of sizes, and the maintenance of contact with government agencies in matters relating to the electronics industry.

The association was originally known as the Radio Manufacturers Association, RMA (1924-1950), Radio-Television Manufacturers Association, RTMA (1950-1953), and later as the Radio-Electronics-Television Manufacturers Association or RETMA (1953-1957).

electronic industry (s) (noun), electronic industries (pl)
Industrial organizations engaged in the manufacture, design, development, and/or substantial assembly of electronic equipment, systems, assemblies, or the components of such structures.
electronic infusion device, EID
1. An instrument for monitoring intravenous infusions.

The device may have an alarm in case the flow is restricted because of an occlusion of the line which will result in an alarm that will go off when a preset pressure limit is determined.

Most electronic infusion devices are equipped to stop the flow of the infused liquid if an accidental free-flow occurs.

2. An automated system of introducing a fluid other than blood into a vein.

The device may have programmable settings that control the amount of fluid to be infused, rate, low-volume notification level, and a keep-vein-open rate.

Some electronic infusion devices have titration modes that allow a change in the delivery rate without interrupting fluid flow. They also allow delivery in milliliters per hour.

The term titration is the process, operation, or method of determining the concentration of a substance in a solution to which the addition of a reagent having a known concentration is made in carefully measured amounts until a reaction of definite and known proportion is completed, as shown by a color change or by electrical measurement, and then calculating the unknown concentration.

electronic ink
1. A coated substance, of paper-like thickness and flexibility, whose colors at each point can be changed by electric stimulus to produce changing text and images.
2. A liquid substance which responds to electrical impulses to enable changeable text and image displays on a flexible surface.

This kind of ink will be used for applications; such as, e-books, electronic newspapers, portable signs, and foldable, rollable displays.

Electronic ink contains millions of tiny capsules filled with dark dyes and negatively charged white chips, that are floating in a substance like vegetable oil.

With a printer-like device, the electronic ink-coated material is exposed to electrical impulses which act on the white chips to make them display as light or dark-colored.

A pattern of charges when applied will make it possible for a display of images and text and such information to be displayed can be downloaded through a connection to a computer, a cell phone, or it can be created with mechanical tools; such as, something called an electronic "pencil".

The references or sources of information for compiling the words and definitions in this unit are listed at this Electronic Bibliography page or specific sources are indicated when they are appropriate.

A cross reference of word units that are related, directly and/or indirectly, with "electricity": galvano-; hodo-; ion-; piezo-; -tron; volt; biomechatronics, info; mechatronics, info.