electro-, electr-, electri-

(Greek > Latin: electric, electricity; from amber, resembling amber, generated from amber which when rubbed vigorously [as by friction], produced the effect of static electricity)

Electronics in our lives consists of numerous tools

Equipment which we use everyday relies on electronics to function including calculators, car controls, cameras, washing machines, medical scanners, mobile telephones, radar systems, computers; as well as many other applications or devices which are listed in this unit.

electrolytic recording
1. A document created by passing an electric current through a stylus onto chemically treated paper.
2. An electrochemical recording in which the chemical change is made possible by the presence of an electrolyte.
electrolytic rectifier
1. A rectifier with an electrolytic conductor between its electrodes.
2. A rectifier consisting of metal electrodes in an electrolyte, in which rectification of alternating current is accompanied by electrolytic action.

Polarizing film formed on one electrode permits current flow in one direction but not in the other direction.

electrolytic reduction
A process of reducing the oxidation state of a material through the application of a current; commonly used in electroplating.
electrolytic rheostat, water rheostat
1. A variable rheostat whose electrodes are submerged to a conducting liquid.
2. A rheostat which consists of a tank of conducting liquid in which electrodes are placed, and resistance is varied by changing the distance between the electrodes, the depth of immersion of the electrodes, or the resistivity of the solution.
electrolytic separation
A process in which a charged electrode collects ions from a solution.
electrolytic solution
1. A liquid that contains a solvent, usually water, and an associated ionic compound; such as, an acid.
2. A solution made up of a solvent and a dissociated ionic solute.

It will conduct electricity, and ions can be separated from the solution by deposition on an electrically charged electrode.

electrolytic switch
1. A switch whose terminals are submerged in an electrolytic substance.
2. A switch having two electrodes projecting into a chamber partly filled with electrolyte, leaving an air bubble of a predetermined width.

The bubble shifts position and changes the amount of electrolyte in contact with the electrodes when the switch is tilted from a true horizontal.

electrolytic tank, electric tank, potential flow analyzer
1. A structure that serves as a model for an electron-tube system or an aerodynamic system, in which voltages are applied to test electron-tube design or to aid in computing ideal fluid flow.
2. A tank in which voltages are applied to an enlarged scale model of an electron-tube system or a reduced scale model of an aerodynamic system immersed in a poorly conducting liquid.

The equipotential lines between electrodes are traced with measuring probes, as an aid to electron-tube design.

It is also used as an aid to electron-tube design or in computing ideal fluid flow.

electrolytical
A reference to the passage of an electric current through a conducting solution or molten salt that is decomposed in the process.
electrolytically
By means of or by the process of electrolysis.
electrolyzable (adjective)
Anything that can be electrolyzed or decomposed by electricity.
electrolyzation
1. Decomposition (break down) by electrolysis or the act or process of electrolyzing.
2. A process in which electric energy causes a chemical change in a conducting medium, usually a solution or a molten substance, or the decomposition of a substance such as hair follicles.
electrolyze
1. To cause something to decompose (breakdown) by electrolysis.
2. To use electrolysis to decompose a chemical compound.
electrolyzer
1. A device or system that can produce a process of electrolysis; that is, the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen by means of an electrical current.
2. An instrument for removing fibromas (benign tumors composed primarily of fibrous connective tissues) or relieving urethral strictures (abnormal narrowing of bodily canals or passageways) by electrolysis.
3. An electrolytic cell that produces alkalies, metals, chlorine, or other related products.
electrolyzing, electrolyzed
Causing or having caused electrolysis or the passing of an electric current through an electrolyte to produce chemical changes in it.

The current is being carried, or was carried, in the electrolyte by ions which are migrating, or migrated, to the electrodes where they could react, forming new substances.

The references or sources of information for compiling the words and definitions in this unit are listed at this Electronic Bibliography page or specific sources are indicated when they are appropriate.


A cross reference of word units that are related, directly and/or indirectly, with "electricity": galvano-; hodo-; ion-; piezo-; -tron; volt; biomechatronics, info; mechatronics, info.