electro-, electr-, electri-
(Greek > Latin: electric, electricity; from amber, resembling amber, generated from amber which when rubbed vigorously [as by friction], produced the effect of static electricity)
Electronics in our lives consists of numerous tools
Equipment which we use everyday relies on electronics to function including calculators, car controls, cameras, washing machines, medical scanners, mobile telephones, radar systems, computers; as well as many other applications or devices which are listed in this unit.
2. The real part of the admittance of a circuit; when the impedance contains no re-actance, as in a direct-current circuit, it is the reciprocal of resistance, and so it is a measure of the ability of the circuit to conduct electricity.
2. The passage of electric charges because of a force exerted on them by an electric field.
Conductivity is the measure of the ability of a conductor to carry electric current and it is defined as the ratio of the amount of charge passing through unit area of the conductor (perpendicular to the current direction) per second divided by the electric field intensity (the force on a unit charge).
Conductivity is the reciprocal of resistivity and it is therefore commonly expressed in units of siemens per meter.
2. The ability of a material to conduct electricity.
Metals are usually good conductors and nonmetals are poor conductors.3. The measure of a material's ability to carry an electric current.
An electric conductor is a material that, when placed between terminals having a difference of electrical potential, will readily permit the passage of an electric current.
Different materials have different degrees of conductivity, and their effectiveness is computed as the conductivity.
The best conductors are the metals; such as, silver, copper, aluminum, platinum, and mercury; however, nonmetallic substances: such as, carbon, saline solutions, and moist earth are also sufficiently conductive so that such properties are significant in certain situations.
Because of their cost and conductivity characteristics, copper and aluminum are widely used as conductors.
Copper is used more often than aluminum and its use is preferred for high-voltage transmission than aluminum, because of its lighter weight is a definite advantage.
Steel as a conductor is inferior to the other two materials mentioned; however its greater strength and resistance to wear have led to its choice as a conductor for special purposes; such as, that of power rail services on electrified railways, and as an inner core of copper or aluminum cables.
2. The distance between two points, expressed in terms of the duration of the travel of an electromagnetic wave in a free space between the two points.
2. The energy inherent in a circuit because of its position in relation to a magnetic field.
2. An engineer whose training includes a degree in electrical engineering from an accredited college or university, or someone who has comparable knowledge and experience, to prepare him or her for maintaining the generation, transmission, and utilization of electric energy.
3. A trained specialist in electrical systems, especially those which power and control machines or are involved in communications.
2. A division of engineering concerned with the practical applications of electricity in all its forms, including those of electronics.
Electrical engineering is concerned with electric light, power systems, and devices.
Electronics engineering is concerned with wire and radio communication, the stored-program electronic computer, radar, and automatic control systems.3. A branch of engineering which focuses on the design, the construction, and the operation of electrical systems, devices, and equipment.
The founders of electrical science were physicists and mathematicians; such as, Ampere, Faraday, Gauss, and Maxwell, whose theories eventually led to the electric motor and the incandescent lamp.
Access to local motive power without steam or waterwheels and light without flames created a new industry as well as a new profession.
With the introduction of the vacuum-tube and transistor, electronics, the behavior of the electron in vacuum and in solids, joined the field as electronic engineering, and the pertinent U.S. professional society is known as the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers or IEEE.
The common theme is always electricity, the electron, and James Clark Maxwell's wave equation even with the inclusion of newer power systems starting with communications, computers, and optical devices; such as, the laser and the camcorder.
James Maxwell (1831-1879) was a Scottish physicist who was best known for his work with electricity and magnetism.
Sally went outside to take care of her flowers one morning when a sudden explosion took place in her kitchen because of some kind of electrical faults in her refrigerator that resulted in a severe fire in her apartment.
The references or sources of information for compiling the words and definitions in this unit are listed at this Electronic Bibliography page or specific sources are indicated when they are appropriate.
A cross reference of word units that are related, directly and/or indirectly, with "electricity": galvano-; hodo-; ion-; piezo-; -tron; volt; biomechatronics, info; mechatronics, info.