dis-, di-, dif-
(Latin: separation, apart, asunder; removal, away, from; negation, deprivation, undoing, reversal, utterly, completely; in different directions)
The meaning of dis- varies with different words; dif-, assimilated form of dis- before f; di-, form of dis- before b, d, g, l, m, n, r, and v.
2. Consecutive musical notes that are separated by an interval of a second.
3. Having deep constrictions separating the head, thorax, and abdomen; as with insects.
Disjunctions indicate that there are no links between things that should have relationships in some way.
2. Lacking a connection or consistency: "The writer had disjunctive details in his presentation."
3. Serving to divide things, or having the effect of dividing things.
4. Showing contrast as with a word or phrase which indicates opposition or alternatives; such as, "but", "or", and "in contrast to" that establish differences between two words or linguistic elements.
2. Descriptive of a statement, course of action, etc., involving alternatives.
2. A lack of connection between things that are related or should be connected.
2. To force a person, people, or something from one place or situation to another one: The construction of the new hotel in town will dislocate several businesses and residents that are currently in the site where it will be built.
2. Relating to being depressed and miserable: The nurse noticed how the patient's sickness was making him feel dismal.
3. Descriptive of being very bad, poor, or disaster: The drama that was presented turned out to be a dismal failure. 4. Etymology: from Latin dies mali, "evil days"; via Anglo-Norman dis mal; literally "evil days"; used to indicate two days in each month that, according to ancient superstitions, were supposed to be unfortunate or unlucky days.
The term dismal became known as being a day of "gloom" and "calamity".
2. To destroy something by removing key elements; such as, an institution or system by removing its essential parts: The school program was dismantled because there was a lack of funding.
3. To strip a room or a building of its furniture or equipment: The buildings were dismantled so they could be demolished and new constructions be done to replace them.
4. Etymology: from the 1570's, from Middle French desmanteler, "to tear down the walls of a fortress", literally, "to strip off a cloak"; from des-, "off, away" or dis-, "apart, lack of, not" + manteler, "to cloak, to mantle".