cubi-, cub-, cumb-, cubit-
(Latin: to lie [in a horizontal position or posture]; to lie down, to lie asleep)
Fred's cat was having a more accumbent rest on the rug in front of the fireplace.2. In botany, lying or leaning against something; such as, cotyledons or embryonic leaves in seed-bearing plants: The botanist was studying the growth patterns of accumbent seedlings of various cotyledons.
2. Being a mistress in some polygamous societies: Glenda's sister was living in concubinage with Jeff, the rich farmer.
2. In polygamous societies, a secondary wife, usually of inferior rank: Several concubines of the ancient lord worked in the kitchens and gardens.
3. A grown female who is held as a slave to a powerful man often for sexual purposes: The youngest concubine was an exquisite dancer and entertained the friends of her master.
4. Etymology: Latin concubina, from concumbere, "to lie with or together"; from com-, "together, with" plus cubare, "to lie down". Recognized by law among polygamous people as "a secondary wife".
Biblical References to Concubines
A concubine was a woman who had a marital (sexual) relationship with a man but she was secondary to the wife; that is, the concubine was not as high in the family status as the wife.
When barren wives; such as, Sara, Leah, and Rachel gave their handmaidens as surrogates (substitues) to their husbands to bear children; as indicated in Genesis 16:1-3; and Genesis 30:3-13; they were following a practice known from Babylonia (Code of Hammurabi, 144-145).
The children that Sarah and Rachel later bore inherited more than the children of the handmaidens, as indicated in Genesis 21:10-13 and Genesis 49:22-26 and which is also reflected in the Code of Hammurabi (170-171).
2. A small group of people or things: Sabina's niece had a small covey of carved birds on her bookshelf.
3. Etymology: from French covée, "brood" which came from Latin cubare, "to lie down".
In the privacy of his cubicle, Professor Lucas tried to develop a different use for an object with a cubical shape.
2. A small enclosed space available for work or study: Marge was able to rent a small locked cubicle in the library when she was completing her research project.
3. Small areas set off by walls for special uses: Each social worker had a private cubicle in which to conduct interviews with his or her clients.
4. A roomlet in which a monk or nun lives: Sister Jean’s cubicle was sparsely furnished with a cot, a chair, and a shelf.
5. A partitioned area in a room for private use in a larger, more public space inside of a building: There was a private cubicle in the locker room for the members of the swim team in which to change into their swimsuits or their clothes after their sessions of water sport .
6. Etymology: from Latin cubiculum, "bedroom" and cubare, "to lie down".
The cubicle became the term for "dormitory sleeping compartment" or sense of "any partitioned space" (such as a library carrel or, later, office work station) was recorded in 1926.
2. Etymology: from Latin cubitum, "the elbow"; related to cubare, "to lie down, be lying"; that is, "on which someone lies in a reclining position.
An ancient unit of measure based on the forearm from elbow to fingertip, usually from eighteen to twenty-two inches. Such a measure, known by a word meaning "forearm" or the like, was known to many people; such as, Greek pekhys and Hebrew ammah.
The unit represents the length of a man's forearm from his elbow to the tip of his outstretched middle finger. This distance tends to be about eighteen inches or roughly forty-five centimeters in length.
In ancient times, the cubit was usually defined as equal to twenty-four digits or six English system, the digit is conventionally identified as 3/4 inch; this makes the ordinary cubit exactly 18 inches (45.72 centimeters).
The Roman cubit was shorter, about 44.4 centimeters (17.5 inches). The ordinary Egyptian cubit was just under 45 centimeters, and most authorities estimate the royal cubit at about 52.35 centimeters (20.61 inches).
2. Etymology: from the Latin decubitus, "lying down" (related to cubitum, "the elbow"); is supposed to be a reflection of the fact that the Romans habitually rested on their elbows when they reclined to eat."
2. The slow development of something; especially, through thought and planning: Fred's essays always need a process of incubation before he publishes them: thus, allowing for revisions, etc.
3. In medicine, the development of an infection from the time the pathogen enters the body until signs or symptoms first appear: Dr. Diedrich advised Mary that the time span of incubation for the vaccine was about two weeks.
4. The maintenance of an infant, especially a premature infant, in an environment of controlled temperature, humidity, and oxygen concentration in order to provide optimal conditions for growth and development: Sabina's cousin went to the hospital every day because her ill baby needed incubation in order to gain strength and get well.
The incubational development of an infection is from the time the pathogen enters the body until signs or symptoms first appear.
2. An apparatus in which environmental conditions can be set and controlled: The biologist used an incubator in the lab for observing the growth of rare species of orchids.
3. An enclosed system in which prematurely born infants are kept in controlled conditions, as with proper temperature, for protection and care: Incubators are used in microbiology for culturing or growing bacteria and other microorganisms.
Incubators in tissue culture rooms are used for culturing stem cells, lymphocytes, skin fibroblasts and other types of cells.
In a hospital nursery and newborn intensive care unit (NICU), incubators serve to house and maintain premature and ill infants.