clado-, clad-, -cladous +
(Greek klados: shoot, young branch; branch; twig)
2. A monophyletic taxon; a group of organisms which includes the most recent common ancestor of all of its members and all of the descendants of that most recent common ancestor.
2. A method of classification in which phylogenetic (evolutionary development or history) hypotheses (theories) are the basis for classification and the recency of common ancestry is the sole criterion for grouping taxa.
2. Having the fruit terminal on short lateral branchlets.
2. An evolutionary change by the branching off of new species from common ancestral types.
2. An evolutionary tree diagram with groups arranged by branch points to show their relative relationships.
Groups that are closer together share a more recent common ancestor than those which are farther apart.3. A diagram, resulting from a cladistic analysis, which depicts a hypothetical branching sequence of lineages leading to the taxa (category of organisms) under consideration.
The points of branching within a cladogram are called nodes. All taxa occur at the endpoints of the cladogram.
2. A branch coming up from the axil of a leaf or a green, flattened stem resembling a foliage leaf.
The axil is the space between a leaf or branch and the stem to which it is attached.
2. The shedding of branches and stems by abscission or the natural process by which leaves or other parts are shed from a plant.
2. A common term for an infection with a cladosporium fungus, which causes rough skin, black lesions on the hands, and sometimes a brain abscess (collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue).
3. A genus of fungi commonly isolated in soil or plant residues including some species that cause abscesses of the brain or lungs or lesions on the skin.
2. Denoting an anastomosis between branches of different arterial trunks.
Anastomosis is an opening created by surgical, traumatic, or pathological means between two normally separate spaces or organs.