(Latin: make drunk, intoxicate)

Alcohol intoxication, a common condition also known as drunkenness, results from drinking an excessive amount of alcohol in drinks over a relatively short period of about 30 minutes to several hours.

Alcohol can cause acute poisoning, if taken in sufficiently large amounts, and it depresses the activity of the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), leading to the loss of normal mental and physical control.

Thus, a person may become "jocose, lachrymose, bellicose, or comatose" (cheerful, tearful, argumentative, or unconscious).

— Compiled from information located in
The American Medical Association, Home Medical Encyclopedia,
Volume One, A-H; Random House; New York; 1989; page 84.