caten-, catenat-

(Latin: a chain; bind or fasten together; connected links)

catena (s) (noun), catenas (pl)
1. A series of connected commentaries on or excerpts of writings; especially, comments on the Bible written by early Christian theologians: As a student in the seminary, Joseph spent a great deal of time studying the catenas in the library of the institution.
2. Etymology: from Latin, "chain".
A connected series, a chain.
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catenarian (s) (noun), catenarians (pl)
The downward curve formed by a chain, a wire, or a cord which is fixed at two points: There is a series of catenarians visible where the electric wiring can be seen on the metal structures going across areas from one community to another one to supply electricity to the residents.
catenarian (adjective), more catenarian, most catenarian
Pertaining to or like a chain of events: The catenarian things that happened at the concert thrilled the audience.
catenary (s) (noun), catenaries (pl)
1. The curve that is adopted by a length of heavy cable, rope, or chain of uniform density, with a downward droop or bend between two points, or something with this shape: Examples of catenaries include a flexible series of metal links used for fastening or securing objects and pulling or supporting things that hang from metal holders; such as, electric power cables, etc.

A catenary object is also called a "chainette" that has the curve formed by the force of gravity in which a uniform flexible cable hangs when it is suspended from two points.

2. Etymology: from modern Latin catenaria; from Latin catena, "chain".
An example of a catenary.
catenary bridge (s) (noun), catenary bridges (pl)
Structures that hang from metal cables: Catenary bridges are suspended by chains or steel materials to provide passage over water, valleys, roads, etc.
A catenary bridge.
catenate (verb), catenates; catenated; catenating
1. To form something into a series of metal links: Margaret was having a jeweler catenate a gold chain which she would wear around her neck.
2. To make a chain of atoms of the same element that is held together by chemical bonds: Some chemical molecules consist of a number of carbon elements that catenate or bond together into a particular order or sequence.
3. Etymology: from Latin caternat-; from catenare, "to chain, to bind together".
A gold necklace.
catenated (adjective), more catenated, most catenated
A reference to being joined like the links in a chain by being in the form of closed rings with each one passing through another one: There are all kinds of connected loops that illustrate the various catenated structures that are used for various purposes.
2. Etymology: from Latin catenat-, "chained, fettered"; from the verb catenare, "to chain".
Golden chains.
A chain.
catenation (s) (noun), catenations (pl)
In chemistry, the self-linking of certain elements: The catenation of carbon is used to form chains or rings with other carbon.

Several other substances are capable of forming an expansive range of catenations, including silicon, sulfur, and boron.

catenulate (adjective), more catenulate, most catenulate
A reference to individual units that are joined in chainlike linear arrangements which are characteristic of certain protozoan colonies and fungal spore groupings: Certain insects have antennae with catenulate appearances.
concatenate (kahn KAT uh nayt") (verb), concatenates; concatenated; concatenating
1. To link things together in a chain or a series: To concatenate means to put two or more computer files or pieces of computer information together in order to form a single unit.
2. In medicine, indicating the arrangement of a number of bodily structures: Enlarged lymph glands are concatenated in a row like the links of a chain.

A chainlike series associated with nerve cells or physiological reflexes are also concatenated.

3. Etymology: from Latin concatenare, "to link together"; from con-, "together" + catenare, "to chain, to bind".
concatenation (kan KAT uh nay" shuhn, kuhn kat" uh NAY shuhn) (s) (noun), concatenations (pl)
A series of interconnected things, events, or happenings that take place and lead to a result: Jerome was able to organize some concatenations for his special web site.

An extraordinary concatenation of factors contributed to Norman's success as a computer programmer.

When the man said that the concatenation of unfortunate events had depleted his "larder", he was referring to a cool room or a cupboard for storing food and such larders were used by people before the common use of refrigerators.

A chain of events or an order of things that take place.
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concatenative (adjective), more concatenative, most concatenative
A reference to things that are linked in a series or order which depend on each other: Bert put the photos he took in succession, or in a concatenative sequence, to show the progressive growth of the rose bush he had planted in the spring.
concatenator (s) (noun), concatenators (pl)
Someone who or something that joins things together in a series or a sequence of items of the same type: With computers, a concatenator is a utility that simplifies the task of merging multiple Portable Document Format (PDF) files into one document.

The concatenator combines all the pages from the selected PDF to present and to exchange documents reliably, independent of software, hardware, or operating system for someone's computer.

PDF files provide electronic images of text, or text and graphics, that look like printed documents and can be viewed, printed, and electronically transmitted by concatenators.

unconcatenated (adjective), more unconcatenated, most unconcatenated
1. The separation of metallic links: Jo Anne took her necklace to a jeweler because she wanted her unconcatenated necklace to be repaired after it broke apart.
2. Relating to a reversal of events, issues, or facts: The obvious unconcatenated contents of his speeches resulted in the politician losing the election because he didn't tell the truth.