chloro-, chlor- +

(Greek: Chloris, goddess; the color green, yellow-green, or light green)

The habit of inhaling chloroform for pleasure.
An obsolete term for the use of chloroform to induce general anesthesia.
1. A tumor of rose or greenish color seen in rats or mice with leukemia.
2. Leukemia with chlorosis (a form of iron-deficiency anemia).
3. A myelogenous leukemia or granulocytic leukemia in which no specific tumor masses are observed at autopsy, but the body organs and fluids show a definite green color due to myeloperoxidase (especially in the pig).
chloropenia, hypochloremia
1. A deficiency in chloride.
2. An abnormally low level of chloride in the blood.

Signs and symptoms are those of alkalosis (a pathologic condition caused by excessive base in the body, or a lack of equilibrium between acidity and alkalinity, including loss of acid without comparable loss of base in the body fluids. There is a decrease in hydrogen ion concentration and an increase in pH).

A retinal pigment with a greenish yellow color.
chlorophyll, chlorophyl
A green pigment that gives most plants their color and enables them to carry on the process of photosynthesis.

Chemically, chlorophyll has several similar forms, each containing a complex ring structure and a long hydrocarbon tail.

Within the photosynthetic cells of plants the chlorophyll is in the chloroplasts; small, roundish, dense protoplasmic bodies that contain the grana, or disks, where the chlorophyll molecules are located.

Chlorophyll absorbs light in the red and blue-violet portions of the visible spectrum; the green portion is not absorbed and, reflected, gives chlorophyll its characteristic color.

When the amount of chlorophyll decreases, other colors become apparent. This effect is seen every autumn when the leaves of trees "change color".

1. A green alga found mainly in fresh water.
2. Algae that are clear green in color; often growing on wet rocks, damp wood, or the surface of stagnant water.
A visual defect in which everything seems to be green.
1. The microscopic body within the cell which contains chlorophyll.
2. A small oval green bit of protoplasm that contains chlorophyll and is the location of photosynthesis.While plant cells contain numerous chloroplasts, algal cells often have just one which consists of interconnected stacks of disk-shaped membranes in fluid, surrounded by a double membrane.

A reference to the photosynthetic unit of a plant cell containing chlorophyll.
A small green cell organelle found in the leaves and some stems of plants,

Chloroplasts are the sites of photosynthesis. They posses a stroma and contain four pigments: chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, carotene, and xanthophyll.

Lacking in or caused by the loss of chlorides which is a chemical compound that is a mixture of chlorine and another substance.
chloroprocaine hydrochloride; trade name, Nesacaine
A local anesthetic more potent and less toxic than procaine.
1. A defect of vision in which objects appear to have a greenish tinge.
2. A condition in which objects seen are of a green color.
chloroquine hydrochloride; trade name, Aralen Hydrochloride
A white crystalline powder used for its antimicrobial action; especially, in the treatment of malaria.

It is useful also in amebic dysentery complicated by liver abscess and in lupus erythematosus which is characterized by red, scaly skin patches.