chloro-, chlor- +
(Greek: Chloris, goddess; the color green, yellow-green, or light green)
2. Leukemia with chlorosis (a form of iron-deficiency anemia).
3. A myelogenous leukemia or granulocytic leukemia in which no specific tumor masses are observed at autopsy, but the body organs and fluids show a definite green color due to myeloperoxidase (especially in the pig).
2. An abnormally low level of chloride in the blood.
Signs and symptoms are those of alkalosis (a pathologic condition caused by excessive base in the body, or a lack of equilibrium between acidity and alkalinity, including loss of acid without comparable loss of base in the body fluids. There is a decrease in hydrogen ion concentration and an increase in pH).
Chemically, chlorophyll has several similar forms, each containing a complex ring structure and a long hydrocarbon tail.
Within the photosynthetic cells of plants the chlorophyll is in the chloroplasts; small, roundish, dense protoplasmic bodies that contain the grana, or disks, where the chlorophyll molecules are located.
Chlorophyll absorbs light in the red and blue-violet portions of the visible spectrum; the green portion is not absorbed and, reflected, gives chlorophyll its characteristic color.
When the amount of chlorophyll decreases, other colors become apparent. This effect is seen every autumn when the leaves of trees "change color".
2. Algae that are clear green in color; often growing on wet rocks, damp wood, or the surface of stagnant water.
2. A small oval green bit of protoplasm that contains chlorophyll and is the location of photosynthesis.
Chloroplasts are the sites of photosynthesis. They posses a stroma and contain four pigments: chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, carotene, and xanthophyll.
2. A condition in which objects seen are of a green color.
It is useful also in amebic dysentery complicated by liver abscess and in lupus erythematosus which is characterized by red, scaly skin patches.