-omics, -ome, -omes
(Greek: said to be a stem for "all, every, whole", or "complete"; that is, a field of study in biology that refers to the whole set of omics including their -omics and -ome subfields in order to understand life as a holistic existence and organic beings as a whole)
Bioinformatists and molecular biologists are thought to be among the first scientists to start to apply the -ome suffix in several scientific areas.
Bioinformatics is an information science that analyzes life processes using computational tools for solving biological problems and to give direction or an overview in biology.
Ome and omics are convenient ways to describe a holistic way of looking at complex systems. In the mid 1990's bioinformatists started realizing the convenience of -omics and used terms for many fields; such as, metabolome, textome, interactome, bacteriome, eukaryome, functome, patentome, neurome and so on.
Omics was coined by scientists to present the realization of the importance of information processing in biology that was proposed by many biologists and as such, it was made possible by the development of personal computers and personal computer operating systems; such as, Windows, Linux, and Apple.
Ionomics can capture information about the functional state of an organism under different conditions including those driven by genetic and developmental differences, and by biotic and abiotic factors.
Kinases are enzymes that catalyze phosphorylation group to a protein or other organic molecule reactions (of amino acids) and fall into several groups and families; for example, those that phosphorylate the amino acids serine and threonine, those that phosphorylate tyrosine and some that can phosphorylate both.
Phosphorylation is the addition of a phosphate group (inorganic acid mineral) to a protein or other organic molecule.
Lipidome is a new term coined in the context of omics in modern biology, within the field of lipidomics (large-scale study of pathways and networks of cellular lipids in biological systems).
Lipids are naturally occurring molecules that includes fats.
Ome refers to a field of study in biology ending in -omics; such as, genomics (organism's hereditary information) or proteomics (large-scale study of proteins; especially, their structures and functions).
The metabolome is dynamic, changing from second to second.
The metabolome represents the collection of all metabolites in a biological cell, tissue, organ, or organism, which are the end products of cellular processes.