Confusing Words Clarified: Group O; Homonyms, Homophones, Homographs, Synonyms, Polysemes, etc. +
(lists of "O" sections that are organized into what for some people are confusing groups of words)
If you have any problems understanding the pronunciation symbols, go to this Pronunciation Chart for clarifications.
2. A person who usually expects good things to happen: Somehow Pete remained an optimist despite all that had happened to him.
2. A person who usually expects bad things to happen: Sharon exclaimed, "Stop being such a pessimist, Shelby! Believe it or not, there is still a very good chance that we will complete this project."
The two detectives on Myrna's favorite TV program are well matched; Don is the eternal pessimist, who believes that nothing is ever going to be solved; Shawna is the cheery optimist, who maintains that it will all come out right.
2. Something that is foreordained by fate or deities: In mythology, the wreck of the ship was an ordinance from the gods.
2. A service or department of the armed forces dealing with the supplies needed for the military: Tim's promotion meant he was the officer in charge of the ordnance.
Rick just received a citation for breaking the local ordinance against keeping ordnance in his residence.
2. To face in a specific direction on the compass: The builders of the church will orient it to the east to catch the morning light.
3. To inform someone of the facts of a situation: The principal will orient the new teachers about the school's operational procedures.
Because Matthew is travelling by car when he visits the Orient, he will be attending a lecture course to orient himself to its history and culture.
Once he has set off, he will use a compass to orientate himself each day so he won't get lost.
2. To vary in feelings, opinions, or actions from one extreme to the other: When Mildred heard the news of the accident, her reactions seemed to oscillate between hope and despair.
3. To move from above to below a mean value: The stock market seemed to oscillate around the 2500 mark.
Sometimes Mike thinks his kid sister is like a pendulum because she tends to oscillate back and forth in her opinions; for example, Lenora and her husband promised to osculate at the end of their wedding ceremony; then she started to vacillate, thinking to osculate before so many people would be embarrassing.
Despite being an outcast, the famous author published many poems describing the pain and suffering she experienced as an outcaste by her family.
People tend to overrate contests; for example, there was someone who took part in a competition in which the participants overate for three weeks to see who could gain the most weight.
2. Referring to someone or something that has arrived late after an appointed time: Because the train was overdue by an hour, the passengers received a discount on their next tickets.
Don't overdo your anxiety about the overdue library book because you can always call the special number to renew the use of the book for another week.
Vincent and Eugenia hired a nanny from overseas and she oversees their children when they walk to school each day.