learn, learning; know, knowledge

(going from learning to knowing equals knowledge)

Ab uno disce omnes. (Latin term)
Translation: "From one, learn all."

"From one sample, judge or know all the rest." From Virgil's Aeneid. This maxim, or rule, applies to situations in which the acceptance of a single observation is universally applicable. Such a careless application is considered a trap for faulty generalizations; like et sic de similibus, "and so of similar (people or things)"; "and that goes for the others, too."

explicit knowledge (s) (noun), explicit knowledges (pl)
Information that can express thoughts and ideas clearly and is easily transmitted to others: Some of the most common forms of explicit knowledge includes manuals, documents, instructional procedures, and videos that explain how to do something.
heuristic knowledge (s) (noun), heuristic knowledges (pl)
The mental awareness of approaches that are likely to work or of properties which could be true, but which are not guaranteed: Heuristic knowledge makes it possible for people to discover or to learn something from experiences with interactive trials and errors.

Heuristic knowledge is considered to be a result of skills that provide the means to make improvements with writing techniques, computer programs, or any other method of doing something with better procedures.

know (verb), knows; knew, known; knowing
1. To have facts firmly in the mind or committed to memory: The students in Mrs. Dawson's class know the names of all of the U.S. presidents.
2. To believe firmly in the truth or having certainty of something: Thomas knows that he did the right thing when he decided to go to the fitness studio to improve his physical condition.
3. To be, or to become, aware of a matter: Adriana finally knows that these vocabulary exercises really help her language skills.
4. To have a thorough understanding of something through experience or study: Sam is known by his neighbors as a quiet and friendly person and the people where he works have a similar viewpoint about his cooperation and achievements.
5. To be acquainted, associated, or familiar with someone or some material: So many people, including Irene, know more and more about words as they continue to learn about the vocabulary that comes from Latin and Greek origins.
6. To be able to perceive the differences, or distinctions, between an entity or people: Marjory knows that it hasn't been easy to be a computer technician, but she is becoming more confident about her skills as she produces programs that are more efficient and successful in their applications.
7. To recognize someone, or an object, by a distinguishing characteristic or an attribute: Jane asked Mark, "How will you know who Lucinda is?"

Mark responded by saying, "Well, she said that she will be wearing a bright-blue sweater."

8. Often identified by another name: Samuel L. Clemens was better known as Mark Twain.
knowledge (s) (noun), knowledges (pl)
1. Acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles which may come from study or investigation; general erudition: Marissa has acquired knowledge about many things both in school and while reading on her own.
2. The condition in which a person perceives certitudes or truth with a reasonably clear and certain mental apprehension: Marla has devoted her life to the pursuit of knowledge by researching and writing books about scientific discoveries throughout history.
3. Awareness of a fact or circumstance: The Jeffersons went on vacation with the knowledge that their neighbor would take care of their pets.
4. The body of truths or verities accumulated in the course of time: Mr. and Mrs. Smith's children were constantly increasing their knowledge by reading books from both their private collections and the public library; as well as, by discussing their discoveries with each other.
5. Familiarity, awareness, or understanding gained through experience or study: Michael gained a lot of experience and knowledge about carpentry by working with his father and attending a special technological school that emphasized wood-working skills.
6. The sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned: While working on his dictionary, John, the lexicographer, expanded his knowledge much more than he had anticipated.

Knowledge is knowing a fact or knowing where to find it.

—Evan Esar

I find that a great part of the information I have was acquired by looking up something and finding something else on the way.

—Franklin P. Adams
Knowledge: Animals Index
Here is your opportunity to appreciate our fellow creatures from the very small to the very large.
Knowledge: People and Their Influences
Influences on humanity from the past and in the present.
knowledgeable (adjective), more knowledgeable, most knowledgeable
1. Thoroughly acquainted with and skilled in something through study or involvement: Despite Karla's very young age of 14, she is a knowledgeable player of the piano and the violin.
2. Possessing or showing a great deal of learning, awareness, or intelligence; perceptive and well-informed: The speaker presented a very interesting and more knowledgeable explanation of how most people can survive in these economic conditions.
known (adjective), more known, most known
Included in the facts and experiences that people have accumulated over time: There is no known cure for some diseases, for example cancer.

Walter is more known as an author, now that his last novel has been published.

learn (verb), learns; learned; learning
1. To acquire, or to gain, knowledge of a subject or skill through education or experience: People should keep learning throughout their lives, even after retirement and into old age.
2. To ascertain information, or techniques, by inquiry, research, or investigation: The fitness trainer showed Trina and Charles how they can learn more about taking better care of their bodies with regular exercise.
3. To receive instruction concerning a subject that can be fixed in the mind: Sherry had a daily routine with a retired teacher of Russian who helped her learn the Russian language by practicing her speaking with more accurate pronunciations and by increasing her vocabulary skills.
4. To acquire an understanding or a skill: Peter was learning how to dance, to skate, to play the violin, and to study his academic subjects at the university. His schedule was full!
5. To gain knowledge by rote; that is, to memorize by repetition without necessarily exercising one's understanding: Tonia has a hobby and is learning numerous poems by memory.
6. Etymology: from Old English lernen, leornen; "to get knowledge, to be cultivated"; from Anglo-Saxon leornian; from the root of Anglo-Saxon lran, "to teach".

Historically, there is a distinction between learning and "teaching"

Old English "leornian", the ancestor of our current learn, meant "to learn" or "to study", never "to teach"; however, during the Middle English period, the word came to be used in the last sense as well.

Shakespeare wrote, "A thousand more mischances than this one have learn'd me how to brook this patiently" in his Two Gentlemen of Verona. It was with the prescriptivism of the eighteenth century that this use of the word came to be frowned upon.

Samuel Johnson, in his Dictionary of the English Language (1755), could not, with the example of such respectable authors as Spenser and Shakespeare before him, call this usage "wrong"; instead he wrote, "This sense is now obsolete." Since that time, however, grammarians have not hesitated to brand it "illiterate"; so, it is now considered unacceptable English to say, "No one ever learned me how to talk right."

—Information for this historical background comes from
Webster's Word Histories; Merriam-Webster, Inc., Publishers;
Springfield, Massachusetts; 1989; page 270.
learnable (adjective), more learnable, most learnable
A reference to achieving abilities and awareness by having a variety of encounters: The students have more learnable skills since they have worked together on several related projects.
learned (adjective), more learned, most learned
Having or showing an extensive amount of intelligence about various topics: The students, including Robert and Steven, are having learned discussions about politics and economics.

The author, Mr. Jefferson, has published articles in both learned books and in popular magazines.

Angelia is the most learned person that Eric has ever met.

learner (s) (noun), learners (pl)
Someone who gains facts and skills in some academic area by studying, practicing, or being taught: Dave is one of the most successful learners that Jill has ever met.

For someone who is so young, Jonathan has become an advanced learner.

learning (s) (noun), learnings (pl) (usually singular)
1. Acquiring perception, abilities, or skills in subjects or fields of information that are taught or individually acquired: In the classroom, the students had computer programs that made learning easier and more fun.
2. Gaining information about topics that a person can achieve by involvement or studying and which is either in a person's mind or is generally comprehended by people: Jodie and Lea were characterized as having a very good education and achieving more learning as a result of their efforts to expand their understanding of scientific subjects.

Learning consists of information acquired by some people for the sake of knowing it, and by others for the sake of telling it.

—Evan Esar
learning (adjective), more learning, most learning
1. Gaining comprehension or a mastery of anything through observations, adventures or study: While attending the university, Mildred had many learning experiences.
2. A reference to fixing in the mind or in one's memory: Frieda's learning skills have improved considerably over the years.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units meaning "know, knowledge; learn, learning": cogni-; discip-; gno-; histor-; intellect-; math-; sap-; sci-; sopho-.