Confusing Words Clarified: Group H; Homonyms, Homophones, Homographs, Synonyms, Polysemes, etc. +

(lists of "H" sections that are organized into what for some people are confusing groups of words)


I don't mispell, as others mite,
But allways right each item rite;
So I emit resounding hoops
At other righter's speling bloops.
—From The Game of Words by Willard R. Espy;
Bramhall House; New York; 1972; page 124.

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If you have any problems understanding the pronunciation symbols, go to this Pronunciation Chart for clarifications.

heroin, heroine
heroin (HER oh in) (noun)
A drug derived from opium: The abuse of heroin has presented one of the major social problems of yesterday and is still present today.
heroine (HER oh in) (noun)
1. A woman who has such qualities; such as bravery, courage, and integrity: Joan of Arc is considered by some to be the greatest heroine in French history.
2. A woman noted for her courageous acts: During the earthquake, Melba was called a heroine because she did so much to help many victims of the disaster.

Tammie is a heroine to Mike because she used to be a heroin addict and she has recovered and now travels to schools making speeches about her bad experiences.

hertz, hurts
hertz (HURTS) (noun)
In telecommunications, a unit used to describe the frequency of occurrence of an electromagnetic wave equal to one cycle per second: Hertz (Hz) is a term used by and understood by radio technicians to describe electromagnetic activity.
hurts (HURTS) (verb)
Third person, singular, meaning causing pain, discomfort, or suffering: It hurts Fred's feet when he wears shoes that are too small.

Maggie said that it hurts her head to try to understand the importance of hertz in the telecommunications world because she has to think so hard.

hew, hue
hew (HYOO) (verb)
To chop or to cut by using a cutting instrument, such as an axe: The forester used a hatchet to hew the dead trees because they were dangerous.
hue (HYOO) (noun)
A gradient of color that helps to classify individual colors: The hue of green in Beth's dress matched the green in her eyes.

You must be careful when you use an axe to hew the branches; because, if you miss and cut your foot, the ground will turn a hue of red.

hi, hie, high
hi (HIGH) (interjection)
A form of greeting similar to using the word "hello": When Jim and Melba saw each other across the street, both friends shouted, "Hi!", and waved.
hie (HIGH) (verb)
To go or to move quickly: The lord shouted, "Hie you from my presence immediately."
high (HIGH) (adjective)
1. Taller than typical or expected: The ceilings in the room were not low, but very high.
2. Characterized by complexity: Jeremy studied high math in school.
3. A reference to unexpected and steep expenses for one's living standards: The high cost of living is getting more challenging.
4. Descriptive of excessive, often exuberant, or inappropriate behavior: Todd appeared to be high on drugs as indicated by his inappropriate laughter.

Jesse called out "Hi!" to his friend when he saw him hie quickly across the high fence on his way home from school.

hiatus, quietus
hiatus (high AY tuhs) (noun)
1. A gap or interruption in space, time, or continuity; a break: Tracie took a brief hiatus from her studying for the final examinations and made a pot of tea.
2. A period of time when something; such as, an activity or program, is stopped: The musical group is making a new album after a ten-year hiatus.

The comedian put her show on hiatus for a several weeks until she gave birth to her baby girl.

quietus (kwigh ee tuhs) (noun)
A stillness or pause; something that results in a removal from an activity: Most schools in the U.S. have a quietus, or pause, from the end of June to the beginning of September when classes become active again.

Latin quietus est; literally means, "he is at rest"; also, quieta non movere means, not to disturb quiet things or let sleeping dogs lie.

During the vacation hiatus between September in the fall and June in the spring, there is a quietus of activity at the recreation center.

higher, hire
higher (HIGHR) (adjective)
A qualifier comparing objects one of which is taller than another one: The new bank building is higher than its counterpart across the street.
hire (HIGHR) (verb)
1. To pay for the use of something on a temporary basis: Lenora and Lottie will hire a taxi to take them to the train station.
2. To take a job or employment: Karl has decided to hire himself out as a cook for the summer.

The superintendent, whose rank is higher than Jesse's, decided to hire a student for the summer.

him, hymn
him (HIM) (pronoun)
The objective form of the pronoun "he": For Jim's birthday, Josie gave him a new book.
hymn (HIM) (noun)
A song used for the purpose of praising, typically involved in a religious service: The choir sang a new hymn in the church on Sunday.

When Joseph got married, a soloist surprised him and his bride by singing their favorite hymn as part of the wedding ceremony.

his, his
his (HIZ) (adjective)
The possessive form of "he" and is always used before a noun; relating to or belonging to a certain man, boy, or male animal: His home is out in the country where he has his horses.

That book is his because I saw him put it there.

his (HIZ) (pronoun)
Used to refer to a person of either sex in general statements or when the gender of the person is unknown: Each student should do his own work and not copy from others.

Correct alternative: All students should do their own work. Incorrect: Every student should do their own work.

You were asking about a friend at school. What is his or her name and I will check the school register. OK, here it is, his name is Frank.

historic, historical
historic (hi STOR ik) (adjective)
1. Famous, having great importance: When the treaty was signed, it was a historic moment for everyone.
2. Relating to history or the past: The historic importance of the river is appreciated by all of the people who live near it.
historical (hi STOR i kuhl) (adjective)
Relating to something of great importance, or having the characteristics of history: The students created a play depicting the historical moments in the town’s past.

The book listed the kings of England in historical sequence.

This book is of historic interest. The author attempted to undertake careful historical research about the mayors of this city.

ho, hoe
ho (HOH) (interjection)
Used to express surprise or joy, to attract attention to something sighted, or to urge onward: Westward ho!
hoe (HOH) (noun)
A long handled instrument, often with a sharp blade, for tilling and cultivating the soil: The little girl used a special, short handled hoe, to help her mother in the garden.

"What, HO!" exclaimed Melba's father when he discovered his favorite hoe in the tool shed.

hoar, hoer, whore
hoar (HOHR) (noun)
Icy particles often described as frost: There was a rim of hoar on the edge of the bucket because it was -15°C. outside in the morning.
hoer (HOHR) (noun)
An individual who uses a specific garden instrument; such as, a long handled tool with a sharp blade that can be used for gardening: Lottie worked as a hoer in the city parks for a summer job.
whore (HOHR) (noun)
A prostitute or an individual who sells sexual intercourse to a customer: The whore stood on the street corner trying to look attractive for customers who might drive by in their cars.

Bert noticed that the hoer was a woman who used to be a whore; now, she uses a hoe to knock the hoar off the edges of the roofs of houses.

hoard, hoard, horde, whored
hoard (HORD) (noun)
A cache of supplies often hidden or kept secret: Nathan saw the hoard of chocolate in the cupboard.
hoard (HORD) (verb)
To save, to put by, to acquire, to accumulate, or to keep a secret supply of something: The miser planned to hoard his money.
horde (HORD) (noun)
A restless throng or crowd: The horde of peasants stood before the palace and begged for bread.
whored (HORD) (verb)
Having had illicit sexual intercourse; especially, with a prostitute: Vincent whored with a woman he met at the hotel where he was staying.

The horde of outlaws swept out of town in the morning and rode into the hills where they had hidden a hoard of gold after having whored during the night.

hoarse, horse
hoarse (HORS) (adjective)
Referring to a harsh or grating sound: By the end of the hockey game, Mildred's voice was hoarse from cheering so loudly.
horse (HORS) (noun)
A large, strong domesticated quadruped to pull things (carts) or to transport an individual: The strong brown horse pulled the carriage while the young man rode on a slender black horse.

The cowboy had to use another horse today because his regular equine was sick with a hoarse throat which the vet diagnosed as a hoarse horse.

Two police officers were discussing a drugstore break in. One officer said to the other one, "Someone broke in, but all he took was cough drops."

The other policeman responded with, "He must have been a hoarse thief."

hoes, hoes, hoes, hose
hoes (HOHZ) (noun)
Garden instruments, often with long handles, and equipped with sharp blades: Peter noticed that there were several hoes in the shed for the boys to use in the garden.
hoes (HOHZ) (verb)
Used in the third person, singular, and means to use a garden instrument which typically has a long handle and a sharp blade: The farmer noticed that Manuel hoes the garden quickly and efficiently.
hose (HOHZ) (noun)
1. A close fitting garment or stocking covering the leg and foot: Many years ago, men wore hose that were beautifully embroidered.
2. A tube, typically flexible, used for conveying liquid from one source to another location: Karin bought the garden hose at the local store in order to water the flowers in front of her house..
hose (HOHZ) (verb)
To wash with water using a long tube, typically rubber, which is attached to a faucet or water source: The children used the red garden hose to hose the dust off their family's car.

After working in the garden, Rodger decided to hose the dirty hoes.

hole, holistic, whole
hole (HOHL) (noun)
1. An opening into or through something: Edgar fixed the hole in the roof while his wife fixed the hole in his sock.
2. A situation in which someone, or something, is gone or missing: When Mildred's daughter went to college, it left a big hole in the lives of their parents; in other words, they missed their daughter very much.
holistic (hoh LIS tik) (adjective)
Relating to or concerned with complete, or whole, systems rather than with individual parts: Marge and Danny say school officials need to take a more holistic approach to improving their schools.

Holistic medicine attempts to treat both the whole mind and body.

whole (HOHL) (adjective)
1. Descriptive of something which is full or complete: The whole day, from morning until evening, was spent trying to find a job.
2. Complete or full; not lacking or leaving out any part: The community center offers a whole range of programs.

The whole hole must be considered when using holistic analysis.

Pointing to explanation of homonyms, homophones, and homographs, etc. Confusing Words: Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs; explained and demonstrated.

Pointing back to Confusing Words Quizzes, Part AConfusing Words: Units, Groups A to Z.

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