Pleonasms or Tautological Redundancies

(avoid redundancies or excessive repetitiousness by not using unnecessary repetitions and superfluous words or more word usages than is needed, desired, or required)

The use of pleonasms results in a superfluity of words, sometimes deliberately, for emphasis; or the unnecessary repetitions resulting from a lack of the realization that such terms are redundant.

A tautological statement, sentence, etc. repeats its meaning in an unnecessary or excessive way by using different words to say the same thing.

* The pleonasms followed by an asterisk (*) came from an essay, "The Affluent Rich"; by Nat Boynton in his book, Media Rare. My special thanks to Mr. Jerry Gordon for contributing a copy of the essay so I could go through it and pick out the "UR's" (Unnecessary Redundancies) or pleonasms.

Please contribute any pleonasms you may come across from any of the media and let's make this list even more significant as it expands. You may send your suggestion, or suggestions, to e-mail contact or use this e-mail address: [email protected]

repeated redundancies
repetitious redundancies
rest and relaxation
resulting effects
retreating back
return back
revert back
rice paddy
rise up
River Avon, Avon River; river river
The name "Avon" is a cognate of the Welsh word afon, "river"; from Celtic abona, "river"; therefore, both River Avon and Avon River literally mean, "River River".

As suggested by Shaun Woodcock, Bristol, England

root cause
round circle
round wheels
ruling junta *
"Junta" refers to a group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power.
safe haven

Also see the unit of pleio-, plio- words meaning, "more, most; excessive; multiple".