(Latin: from res, thing, object, matter, circumstance; factual)

1. An actual being or existence, as opposed to an imaginary, idealized, or false nature; in fact; actually.
2. Everything that actually does or could exist or happen in real life.
3. Something that has real existence and must be dealt with in real life.
4. An existence or universe, either connected with or independent from other kinds.
5. The totality of real things in the world, independent of people's knowledge, awareness, or perception of them.
6. The condition of the world as it really is rather than as a person might want it to be.
7. The culturally constructed world of perception, meaning, and behavior that members of a culture regard as true.
reality orientation
A formal medical activity that uses specific approaches to assist confused or disoriented people toward an awareness of reality; or the "here and now", as by emphasizing the time, day, month, year, situation, and weather.
reality principle
An awareness of the demands of the environment and the need for an adjustment of behavior to meet those demands, expressed primarily by the renunciation of immediate gratification of instinctual pleasures to obtain long-term and future goals.

In psychoanalysis this function is held to be performed by the ego.

reality testing
1. The attempt by the individual to evaluate and to understand the real world and his or her relation to it.
2. An ego function that enables a person to differentiate between external reality and an inner imaginative world and to behave in a manner that exhibits an awareness of accepted norms and customs.
reality therapy
A psychiatric treatment based on the concept that some patients deny the reality of the world around them.

Therapy is directed to assist such patients in recognizing and accepting the present situation.

The main technique is confrontation; the therapist consistently confronts the client with the reality of the situation.

Illness or pathology is viewed as a defense against the real world. The purpose of the confrontation is to minimize distortion.

1. In control systems. the property of a transfer function that can be realized by a network that has only resistances, capacitances, inductances, and ideal transformers.
2. In computer science, a modified realizability justifies the process of program extraction implemented in some proof assistants.
1. Doing something that is capable of being achieved or that which is actually possible to do.
2. Capable of existing or taking place or proving true.
1. The process of understanding something, or the moment when this happens.

Related words for this meaning of realization: knowledge, understanding, information, experience, expertise.

2. The process of achieving something that someone has planned or hoped for, or the moment when this happens.
3. The act of realizing or the condition of being realized.
4. Coming to understand something clearly and distinctly.
realize (usage)
1. "I don't think you fully realize the importance of his speech."

Synonyms of realize: comprehend, apprehend, understand, gather, grasp, get, fathom, appreciate, absorb, feel strongly; perceive, see into, penetrate, make out, discern; be cognizant of, recognize; conceive, imagine.
2. "He realized his fondest dream when he won the Pulitzer prize."

Synonyms for realized: actualize, fulfill, compete, consummate, bring to pass, bring about, effectuate, carry out, execute, carry through, work out, discharge, do, produce, perform; attain, get, achieve, accomplish, make good.

3. "She realized very little by selling those stocks."

Applicable synonyms for realized: get as profit, gain, acquire, profit, clear, net, obtain a return, make money, make capital of, accomplish.

—Compiled from a presentation made by
Reader's Digest Family Word Finder; The Reader's Digest Association, Inc.;
Pleasantville, New York; 1975; page 647.
realize (verb), realizes; realized; realizing
1. To be aware or conscious of something, or to become aware of something: After Marilyn had realized that it was a holiday and all the stores were closed, she decided to go back home!
2. To fulfill a specific vision, plan, desire, or possibility of something being achieved: After months of saving her money, June finally realized her wish to go to the concert in New York!
3. To tranform something into a particular amount of money, usually by selling it: Gregory thought that his paintings should realize an amount of $300 when sold the coming month.
4. To turn something such as a play or novel into a stage or film performance: Jeffrey was totally happy when his crime novel was finally realized as a movie and was shown at the local theater!
5. To make real or concrete by giving reality or substance to something: After planning and calculating the costs, Thomas finally began to realize his wishes for his garden, and work began the following week.
realized niche
The niche that an organism is able to occupy in the face of the constraints of interaction with other species populations.
really (usage)
"Did he really say that?"
"Really, he's the most exasperating person I know."

Synonyms that apply to really: actually, in fact, truly, truthfully, genuinely; literally, indeed; surely, certainly, positively, unquestionably, absolutely, categorically.

—Compiled from a presentation made by
Reader's Digest Family Word Finder; The Reader's Digest Association, Inc.;
Pleasantville, New York; 1975; page 647.
1. In actual truth or fact; especially, as distinct from what has been believed by some people: "The koala bear isn't really a bear."
2. Truly, genuinely: used to emphasize the truthfulness or accuracy of what is being said: "We went for a walk up that really steep hill."
3. Used to emphasize the extent to which something is true: "That's really an interesting trip."
4. In order to act in the correct or proper manner: "They really should let the authorities know about this traffic-light problem."
real-time pricing
The instantaneous pricing of electricity, based on the cost of the electricity available for use at the precise time it is consumed by the customer.
real-time scanning
In medicine, the imaging of an entire object, or a cross-sectional slice of the object, at a single moment.

To produce such an image, the data must be recorded quickly over a very short time rather than by accumulation over a longer period.