testa-, test-

(Latin: testu, testum; earthen container, earthen pot; shell, skull)

abdominal ultrasound test (s) (noun), abdominal ultrasound tests (pl)
An ultrasonic exam which provides accurate visualization of the abdominal aorta, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, biliary ducts, kidneys, ureters, and bladder: An abdominal ultrasound test is used to diagnose and locate cysts, tumors, calculi, and malformations, to document the progression of various diseases, and to guide the insertion of instruments during surgical procedures.

acid test (s) (noun), acid tests (pl)
A conclusive assessment that establishes the worth or credibility of something: To prove the quality of gold an acid test is performed by using nitric acid.
ACT test
American College Test test, a college-entrance examination
SAT test
Scholastic Aptitude Test test
test (s), tests (pl) (nouns)
1. A process that is intended to establish the quality, performance, or reliability of something; especially, before it is used in a general way: "The soil test indicated high levels of lead and so it was not considered a safe place to grow crops."

"A month's trip in the desert will put the vehicle to the test to see if it can hold up under those abnormal conditions."

2. A written or spoken examination of a person's proficiency or knowledge about some topic: "The students took a vocabulary and spelling test."

"Leanne is studying for her history test; however, she has already taken the test about European capitals."

3. A careful medical study of a part of the body or of a substance taken from the body: "The laboratory test revealed a problem with the proper function of Joe's bladder."

"A urine test was made to see if Sam has any evidence of a disease."

Historical origins of the term test

In Latin, testa seems originally to have designated "a shell, a carapace" (hard shell covering an animal; such as, a turtle) which became a term that was used during the Roman Empire to mean a "vessel", that is, something concave like a shell, which could hold materials to be examined.

Later, the terms in Latin became testa, testum, testu meaning "pot, cupel (porous cup)" which could be used to test coins for their content of valable metals (gold and silver).

Coins of doubtful value were melted down in such a pot so the elements of the alloy could be separated and measured.

From "pot in which precious metals could be evaluated in their liquid state", the sense of "evaluation procedures for precious metals" evolved into that which meant "evaluation procedure" of any kind. So, test has come to mean "to perform an evaluation; to evaluate".

—Compiled from information located in
Webster's Word Histories; Merriam-Webster Inc., Publishers;
Springfield, Massachusetts; 1989; pages 461-462.
test protocol
A document laying down in precise detail the tests which must be performed to determine the safety of a substance, agent, or procedure in the course of clinical, experimental, or pharmacological studies.
test, tests; tested; testing (verbs)
1. To make procedures to check the quality, performance, or reliability of something; especially, before putting it into general use or practice: "The computer programmer tested the new application before making it public."
2. To reveal the capabilities or strengths of someone or something by putting them under stress or strain: "Such requirements would severely test any working relationships."
3. To give people a short written or oral examination of their skills or knowledge: "All teachers of academic subjects are testing students to determine how much and how well they have learned."
4. To involve medical examinations of a person, a part of the body or a body fluid, etc.: "There are times when doctors must produce a specified result in a medical test; for example, a drug test or an AIDS test."

"The athlete tested positive for steroids after the race."

5. To touch or to taste something to determine if it is acceptable before proceeding with further actions: "The cook tested the roast to see if it had been roasted enough and the gravy to make sure it was not too salty."

Historical background for this testing term

Being tested, as students know, is an examination given by a their teachers. Naturally, whenever the teachers are evaluating their pupils, they are testing their learning skills.

No matter how the word test is used now, it has come a long way from its original meanings. The term originated in Latin testa, meaning "earthen vessel" or "earthen pot".

When silver or gold was heated in a cupel, or test, any impurities would be absorbed by the porous container, leaving pure droplets of the precious metal.

The results of such practices developed into the idea of "putting other things to the test" in a way that is suitable to prove the genuineness of something that might be examined by means of experimenting, demonstrating, or experiencing.

The original figurative senses of test are seldom realized by those who now call any examination or means of evaluation a test.

—Compiled from information located in
The Story Behind the Word by Morton S. Freeman; iSi Press; Philadelphia;
1985; pages 261-262.
The Private Lives of English Words by Louis G. Heller, Alexander Humez, and Malcah Dror;
Gale Research Company; Detroit, Michigan; 1984; page 201.
testa (s), testae (pl)
1. Seed coat; outer covering of a seed.
2. A shell; protective outer layer of seeds of flowering plants.
3. Episperm; the skin or coat of a seed; especially, the outer coat.
4. The outer, usually hard, integument, or coat, of a seed.
Covered with a shell; a former order corresponding to the subclass Testacealobosia in the current classification.
A subclass of amebas characterized by the presence of a test (shell) with single or multiple apertures for protrusion of pseudopodia.
The science concerned with testaceans, or shellfish; the description of shellfish.
The science of testaceous (hard shell) mollusks; conchology.
1. Having a shell or test.
2. Having the reddish brown color of bricks or baked clay.
Fretfully; peevishly; with petulance (easily irritated or annoyed).
Fretfulness; peevishness; petulance; feeling easily irritated.

Testiness is a disposition or aptness to be angry.