fundu-, fundus-, fund-, found- +
(Latin: bottom, base; and with special reference to financial applications, "piece of land")
It is often performed to prevent reflux of the gastric contents into the esophagus.
2. A sum of money saved or invested for a particular purpose: "They have started an education fund for their children."
3. An organization that manages a sum of money for a particular purpose; especially, for monetary investments.
2. The base of a part or structure.
3. A structure when it first begins to develop its shape or form.
2. Forming or serving as an essential component of a system or structure; central: "He presented an example that was fundamental to the argument."
3. Of great significance or involving a major change: "This is a book which underwent many fundamental revisions.
4. Something which is an essential or necessary part of a system or object.
2. The belief that religious or political doctrine should be implemented literally, not interpreted or adapted.
3. The interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth.
A movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in matters of faith and morals but also as a literal historical record, holding as essential to Christian faith belief in such doctrines as the creation of the world, the virgin birth, physical resurrection, atonement by the sacrificial death of Christ, and His Second Coming.
The fundus is the bottom or base of any hollow organ; such as, the fundus of the bladder; the fundus of the eye, etc.
2. Financial resources provided to make some project possible.
2. Suture of the fundus of the stomach completely or partially around the gastroesophageal junction to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease.
It can be performed by an open abdominal or a thoracic operation, or by using a laparoscopic approach.
Fundoplication has been the standard surgical method for treating gastro-esophageal reflux disease; also known as, (GERD).
GERD is the result of inflammation, pain (heartburn), and complications which results when acid refluxes (regurgitations) from the stomach back up into the esophagus.
Under normal conditions, there is a barrier to acid reflux. One part of this barrier is the lower-most muscle of the esophagus (called the lower esophageal sphincter) which is contracted and closes off the esophagus from the stomach most of the time.
In people with gastro-esophageal reflux disease, the sphincter does not work normally. It is weak or relaxes inappropriately, permitting the acid from the stomach to go back up into the esophagus.
In ophthalmology, visual examination of the fundus of the eye.